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Topic: People and relationships

Grammar: Gerund

Talking points:

  1. How do you get on with new people? What if you have to live or work together?

  2. What are the advantages and disadvantages of sharing a flat with other people?

  3. What are friends for?

  4. Do different personalities and different beliefs make friendship impossible?

  5. How far do you think developments such as e-mail and mobile phones are affecting personal relationships?

  6. What makes families different?

  7. Express your point of view on the say parents should have in such matters as marriage of their grown-up children.

  8. Do you think that there will always be a generation gap?

  9. Do you believe in love at first sight?

  10. Comment on the statement that true love wins in spite of all difficulties.

  11. What are weddings like in different countries?

Ex. 1. Replace the verbs in italics with the following phrasal verbs:

build up carry on fall off give up keep to keep up take on

Between the ages of 3 and 5, a child is unlikely to sacrifice anything for a friend. After the age of 5 children co-operate more but they expect their friends to follow certain rules. This stage will usually continue until the child is aged between 8 and 10.

In adolescence, friendships with the same sex acquire great importance. Young adults may initially maintain close relations with their friends. Later on, the number of friendships begins to decline and after middle age, people develop new friendships less easily.

Ex. 2. Choose the correct word to fill the gap in each sentence.

adoption; ancestors; bachelor (2); best man; elderly; fiancée; great-grandparents; in-laws; orphans; relation; step-brothers; single; toddler; widow

1. Richard was a ________ until his marriage at the age of forty-two. 2. Mary changed her job in order to be closer to her __________ parents. 3. ________ agencies changed the rules regarding children from overseas. 4. Let me introduce you to my _________. We are getting married next month. 5. Our ________ are all buried in the local churchyard. 6. When John’s mother remarried, he found he had three ________. 7. The war left many children _________. 8. When Harry married Sally he didn’t realise what an important part his new _________ would play in his life. 9. Peter is fifty and unmarried and his friends call him ‘an eligible _________. 10. The bridegroom was handed the ring by the _________ .11. All the family are long-lived, in fact three of my ____________ are now in their nineties. 12. Frances has two children, a _________of three and a baby of six months. 13. We call her ‘Auntie Flo’, though she is not really any __________ to us. 14 At the age of twenty-five Jenny’s husband died and she was left a ________ with two small children. 15. Barbara remained _________ until the age of thirty-two.

Ex. 3. Complete the text with a word or phrase from the list:

depended home wedding introduced fiancé engaged running

close support work out pregnant give up intention split up

bringing up plan benefit independent career nanny

Granddaughters often have good relations with their grandmothers. Sandy has always been ___________ to her grandmother, Nancy, who’s now in her eighties. Nancy was thrilled when Sandy got _________ to her boyfriend Paul and the two of them talked about the differences in their attitude to marriage.

Nancy was twenty when she got married in 1935. Her ________, David, was an engineer and they had been _________ at a party given by members of David’s family. They were engaged for two years before the actual ___________. Nancy was working in a dress shop when they met and she had to __________ her job when she got married. She stayed at __________ in the house she and David rented. She had no money of her own and so she ___________ on her husband for necessities. Soon she was ___________, and her first child, Sandy’s mother, was born in 1937. Nancy had her second child a year later. Her life revolved around __________ the house and __________ their two children. David was busy with his job and worked long hours to ___________ the family.

Sandy doesn’t see her married life being like this. She’s got a good job and has no __________ of giving it up. She’s told her grandmother that her ___________ is as important to her as being Paul’s wife. She is twenty-seven now, and she and Paul don’t _________ to have any children until she is in her thirties. Even then she intends to continue working. She will be able to pay for a _________ to look after the children. She thinks that her children will ____________ from having a mother who has her own interests and career, and who is financially ___________. Looking on the dark side, if things don’t ___________ in the marriage, both she and Paul agree that it’s better to ___________ than to stay together unhappily for the sake of the children.

Nancy says, ‘It was all so different in my day.’

Ex. 4. Match the following words with a suitable definition. Use each word once.

adult colleague nephew toddler best man fiancé niece twin bride neighbour sister-in-law widow

  1. The son of your brother or sister ...................

  2. A woman on the day of her marriage ................

  3. A young child who is learning to walk ................

  4. What a woman calls the man she is engaged to ..................

  5. One of the two children born at the same time ....................

  6. A person who lives near you .......................

  7. The daughter of your brother or sister ......................

  8. A person who is fully grown .......................

  9. A woman whose husband has died ........................

  10. At a wedding, the friend of the bridegroom ......................

  11. The sister of the person you marry ......................

  12. A person you work with .....................


Text one


When I was 21, I came to live in London. I shared a damp basement flat with a beautiful ex-art student from Briton. Her name was Sam. She had long brown hair and a slim figure that I was madly jealous of. She ate three chocolate bars for breakfast every morning.

I used to lie in bed looking at her eating and getting dressed, wondering how she could possibly consume so much sugar without losing her teeth, her figure or her complexion. She’d put on her make-up in under a minute, throw on whatever clothes happened to be lying around the room, and rush off looking like a model on the cover of a fashion magazine. Like me, she was just an art teacher in a secondary school.

I, on the other hand, used to put on weight if I even smiled at a bar of chocolate. I’d already lost several upper teeth, my face was spotty and I looked like a heavyweight boxer whatever I wore.

My morning reaction to Sam was always the same. I’d shut my eyes, pull the blankets over my head and force myself back to sleep. I knew that I really ought to get up too, and make use of the early start to have a shower, iron my blouse, polish my shoes, paint my nails and eat something for breakfast.

But I have never been what you’d call a morning person. The teaching job I was doing at the time was the only period of my life, thank goodness, that I’ve had to be anywhere by 8.30 a.m. Anyway, I needed a few extra comforting dreams after the shock of seeing Sam looking so beautiful. Going back to sleep to shut everything out, and using my bed as a favourite means of retreat, became an addiction - my worst habit.

Of course, I overslept and was late every single day of the week. Eventually I was told if things didn’t improve I might be given the sack. So I gave up my job and got married instead. I blame it all on Sam and her beauty.


share (n) 1. [C] - доля, часть Please, let me have a share in the expenses. 2. [U] - участие, роль You are not taking much share in the conversation. 3. [C] - акция, пай He has 500 shares in a shipping company. share-holder - акционер share (v) - 1. - делить, распределять Share the sweets between you. He would share his last pound with me. 2. - делиться, жить вместе (в одной комнате), сидеть вместе (за одном столом) He hated to share a hotel room with a stranger. 3. - разделять, участвовать I will share (in) the cost with you.

consume (vt.,vi.) 1. - поедать, поглощать He consumed everything that was put before him. 2. - уничтожать, истреблять The fire quickly consumed the wooden huts. He was consumed with envy. consumer (n) - потребитель consumption - потребление The consumption of beer didn’t go down when the tax was raised.

shut (vt,vi) [pt, pp shut] - затворять, закрывать Shut the doors and windows, the wind is very strong. The door won’t shut. He shut his eyes to her faults. They shut the door in her face. shut down - закрыть (предприятие) The workshop has shut down and the workers are unemployed.

comfort (n) 1. [U] - комфорт, уют People become fond of comfort as they grow old. She is used to living in great comfort.2. [U] - успокоение, покой The words brought comfort to all of us.3. [C] - утешение, поддержка, (pl) удобства Your letters have been a great comfort to me. The hotel has all modern comforts. comfort (vt) - утешать, успокаивать The child ran to his mother to be comforted. comfortable (adj) - удобный, уютный; (разг.) достаточный, приличный Please, make yourself comfortable. They are comfortably off - Они хорошо обеспечены

means (n) pl (often treated as sing.) - средства, способ There is (are) no means of learning what is happening. by means of - при помощи, посредством Thoughts are expressed by means of words by all means -любой ценой, во что бы то ни стало, любым способом; by no means - ни в коем случае, совсем не(т), нисколько These goods are by no means satisfactory.

give up - оставить, отказаться, бросить, сдаваться I can’t answer that puzzle, I give up. She was so late that we had given her up. I wish I could give up smoking. The escaped prisoner gave himself up. (сдаться)

blame (vt) - винить, обвинять, порицать He blamed the teacher for his failure. I have nothing to blame myself for. Who is to blame for starting the fire? blame (n) - порицание, упрек, вина; take the blame for sth -взять на себя вину; put the blame on sb for sth - возложить вину на кого-либо за что-либо

Ex. 5. Answer the questions about the text.

1. Where did the writer of the passage live in London? 2. What did she do for a living at that time? 3. What was the girl’s attitude to her flatmate, Sam? 4. How fast was Sam, getting ready for work in the morning? 5. Why did the writer of the passage go back to sleep in the morning. 6. What kind of a girl was she? 7. Why did she give up her job?

Ex. 6. Find the English for the following words:

жить с кем-л. в одной квартире; завидовать; съедать (поглощать) много сахара; наносить косметику; унестись на работу; полнеть (набирать вес); закрыть глаза; приятные сны; не впускать (закрыться от ); способ отступления (ухода); проспать; уволить; бросить работу; винить кого-либо в чем-либо.

Ex. 7. Phrasal verb ‘put’

put aside /by - save (откладывать, копить)

put away - store (откладывать, убирать)

put down -write down, take down (записывать)

put down to - attribute to (приписывать чему-л.)

put forward - propose (предлагать)

put off -1.- postpone (откладывать), 2. - discourage from liking (отпугнуть)

put on -1.- dress oneself in (надевать); 2. - increase (in weight)(пополнеть); 3. - cause to take place (show/performance) (ставить на сцене)

put out - extinguish (fire) (погасить, потушить (огонь)

put through - connect by phone (соединить (по телефону)

put up - offer hospitality принимать гостей, поселить(ся)

put up with - tolerate (терпеть, мириться с чем-л.)

  1. Complete the sentences with the proper preposition.

1. When you are in town, I’ll put you ....... in my flat. 2. He has put ...... weight since he stopped smoking. 3. The firefighters put ...... the fire quickly. 4. I won’t put ..... ....... such rude behaviour any longer. 5. Can you put me ........ to Mr Jones, please? 6. Put ...... your coat and come with me. 7. The meeting was put ...... due to the president’s illness. 8. They are putting ...... ‘My Fair Lady’ on Broadway next month. 9. He put ....... £50 a month for his summer holidays. 10. Make sure you put ...... everything said at the meeting. 11. He put ...... a new plan to help decrease unemployment. 12. Put the toys ...... in the cupboard. We’re expecting guests. 13. She puts her recent success ...... ...... hard work and dedication. 14. I can’t put ....... ........ that noise. They decided to put ....... a theatre visit for a while.

  1. Translate into English.

1. За время рождественских каникул я набрала по меньшей мере три килограмма. 2. Матч по крикету был отложен из-за дождя до тех пор, пока погода не улучшилась. 3. Он приписывает свой успех удаче. 4. Предложение, выдвинутое Джоном, кажется наиболее интересным. 5. Я вас сейчас соединю с офисом господина Томсона. Не вешайте трубку. 6. Я не выношу его, но мне придется смириться с его пребыванием здесь, т.к. Джон любит его. 7. Она быстро нанесла косметику и умчалась на работу. 8. Мне трудно смириться с мыслью, что придется жить с ней в одной комнате целый семестр. 9. Он отложил в сторону документы, над которыми работал, т.к. в комнату вошел посетитель. 10. Он записывает в тетрадь все свои расходы, чтобы потом отчитаться перед отцом.

Ex. 8. Translate the sentences, using ‘give up’ or ‘refuse’ according to the sense.

refuse - say ‘no’ to (request or offer), show unwillingness to accept (sth offered), to do (sth one is asked to do) - a gift, - one’s consent, - to help

give up - abandon the attempt to do sth, stop doing sth - one’s seat to sb, - an idea, - smoking

1. Она отказалась поделиться учебниками с новенькой. 2. В конце концов мне пришлось отказаться от мысли переехать за город, т.к. я не мог позволить себе арендовать дом. 3. Она перестала есть сладости, т.к. она набрала 4 килограмма за полгода. 4. Он пропустил заседание совета, но отказался объяснить свое отсутствие. 5. Он так много раз говорил неправду, поэтому я отказываюсь верить его рассказу. 6. Ей следует отказаться от работы с компьютером на некоторое время, т.к. у нее что-то не в порядке с глазами. 7. Почему вы отказались помочь им? Им было трудно справиться без вашей помощи. 8. Тебе следует отказаться ездить все время на машине. Она потребляет очень много бензина. К тому же, ты стал толстеть, тебе следует ездить на велосипеде.

Ex. 9. Fill in the blanks with prepositions.

1. She shut her eyes .......... his faults. 2. She is used ........living ..........comfort. 3. He tried to express his thought ......... means .........gestures. 4. The plant has shut ............ and the workers are unemployed. 5. He tried to put the blame .......... the failure ......... his colleagues. 6. We are to complete the project ....... all means next month. 7. I have nothing to blame myself ........ . 8. They decided to put ........ a visit to the Zoo ....... a while as the little boy didn’t feel quite well. 9. After a few days they realised they were ...... love. 10. He was consumed ...... envy. 11. I am sorry, but I just can’t put ........ ........ with your behaviour. 12. ‘What if I drop ........ ......... Monday?’ -- ‘......... all means.’ 13. The new secretary hasn’t had time yet to get used ...... your awful handwriting, and she is as much to blame ......... the mistakes she made ....... your report as you are. 14. Don’t all go ........ a hotel. We can easily put .........some of you here. 15. You can do almost everything ....... means ........ hard work.

Ex. 10. Translate into English.

1. Она чувствовала себя неловко среди незнакомых людей и поэтому не принимала большого участия в дискуссии. 2. Он редко ездит поездом, т.к. терпеть не может ехать в одном купе с кем-либо. 3. Он был так голоден, что съел (поглотил) все, что было на столе. 4. Он достаточно хорошо обеспечен. Он владеет акциями нефтяных компаний. 5. После появления рекламы на телевидении потребление пива резко возросло. 6. После ссоры она ни за что не хотела его видеть и, когда он приехал, чтобы помириться, она захлопнула дверь перед ним. 7. Она очень добрый человек и готова поделиться последним фунтом с друзьями. 8. Его съедала зависть, что его одноклассники были хорошо обеспечены и могли позволить себе покупать дорогие вещи. 9. Она отказалась поехать в горы, т.к. не могла обходиться без современных удобств. 10. Они оказались отрезанными наводнением в маленькой деревушке. Боюсь, нет способа узнать, что там произошло. 11. Ты должен винить только себя за то, что провалился на экзамене. 12. Мальчик был вне себя от отчаяния, что сломал новый компьютер, и старший брат взял вину на себя. 13. Я не могу закрывать глаза на твои неразумные поступки.

Text two


I was prepared to dislike Max Kelada even before I knew him. The war had just finished and the passenger traffic in the ocean-going liners was heavy. Accommodation was very hard to get and you had to put up with whatever the agents chose to offer you. You could not hope for a cabin to yourself and I was thankful to be given one in which there were only two berths. But when I was told the name of my companion my heart sank. It was bad enough to share a cabin for fourteen days with anyone (I was going from San Francisco to Yokohama), but I should have looked upon it with less dismay if my fellow-passenger’s name had been Smith or Brown.

When I went on board I made my way into the smoking-room. I called for a pack of cards and began to play patience. I had scarcely started before a man came up to me and asked me if he was right in thinking my name was so-and-so.

‘I am Mr Kelada,’ he added, with a smile and sat down.

‘Oh, yes, we’re sharing a cabin, I think.’

‘Bit of luck, I call it. You never know who you’re going to be put in with. I was jolly glad when I heard you were English. I’m all for us English sticking together when we’re abroad, if you understand what I mean.’

‘Are you English?’ I asked, perhaps tactlessly.

‘Rather. You don’t think I look American, do you? British to the backbone, that’s what I am.’

To prove it, Mr Kelada took out of his pocket a passport and airily waved it under my nose.

King George has many strange subjects. Mr Kelada was short and of a sturdy build, clean-shaven and dark-skinned, with a fleshy, hooked nose and very large lustrous and liquid eyes. His long black hair was sleek and curly. He spoke with a fluency in which there was nothing English and his gestures were exuberant. I felt pretty sure that a closer inspection of that British passport would have betrayed the fact that Mr Kelada was born under a bluer sky than is generally seen in England.

Mr Kelada was chatty. He talked of New York and of San Francisco. His discussed plays, pictures, and politics. He was patriotic. The Union Jack is an impressive piece of drapery, but when it is flourished by a gentleman from Alexandria or Beirut, I cannot but feel that it loses somewhat in dignity. Mr Kelada was familiar. I do not wish to put on airs, but I cannot help feeling that it is seemly in a total stranger to put mister before my name when he addresses me. Mr Kelada, doubtless to set me at my ease, used not such formality.

I not only shared a cabin with him and ate three meals a day at the same table, but I could not walk round the deck without his joining me. It was impossible to snub him. It never occurred to him that he was not wanted. He was a good mixer, and in three days knew everyone on board. He ran everything. He conducted the auctions, collected money for prizes at the sports, organized the concert, and arranged the fancy-dress ball. He was everywhere and always. He was certainly the best-hated man in the ship. We called him Mr Know-All, even to his face. He took it as a compliment. But it was at meal times that he was most intolerable. For the better part of an hour then he had us at his mercy. He knew everything better than anybody else, and it was an affront to his vanity that you should disagree with him. He would not drop a subject however unimportant, till he had brought you round to his way of thinking. The possibility that he could be mistaken never occurred to him. He was the chap who knew. We sat at the doctor’s table. Mr Kelada would certainly have had it all his own way, for the doctor was lazy and I was frigidly indifferent, except for a man called Ramsay who sat there also. He was as dogmatic as Mr Kelada and resented bitterly the Levantine’s cocksureness.

Ramsay was in the American Consular Service, and was stationed at Kobe. He was a great fellow from the Middle West, with loose fat under a tight skin, and he bulged out of his ready-made clothes. He was on his way back to resume his post, having been on a flying visit to New York to fetch his wife, who had been spending a year at home. Mrs Ramsay was a very pretty little thing, with pleasant manners and a sense of humour. The Consular Service is ill paid, and she was dressed always very simply; but she knew how to wear her clothes. You could not look at her without being struck by her modesty. It shone in her like a flower on a coat.

One evening at dinner the conversation by chance drifted to the subject of pearls. There had been in the papers a good deal of talk about the culture pearls which the cunning Japanese were making, and the doctor remarked that they must inevitably diminish the value of real ones. Mr Kelada, as was his habit, rushed the new topic. He told us all that was to be known about pearls. I do not believe Ramsay knew anything about them at all, but he could not resist the opportunity to have a fling at the Levantine, and in five minutes we were in the middle of a heated argument. At last something that Ramsay said stung him, for he thumped the table and shouted:

‘Well, I ought to know what I am talking about. I’m going to Japan just to look into this Japanese pearl business. I’m in the trade and there’s not a man in it who won’t tell you that what I say about pears goes. I know all the best pearls in the world, and what I don’t know about pearls isn’t worth knowing. They’ll never be able to get a culture pearl that an expert like me can’t tell with half an eye.’ He pointed to a chain that Mrs Ramsay wore. ‘You take my word for it, Mrs Ramsay, that chain you’re wearing will never be worth a cent less than it is now.’

Mrs Ramsay in her modest way flushed a little and slipped the chain inside her dress. Ramsay leaned forward. He gave us all a look and a smile flickered in his eyes.

‘I didn’t buy it myself, of course. I’d be interested to know how much you think it cost.’

‘Oh, in the trade somewhere round fifteen thousand dollars. But if it was bought on Fifth Avenue I shouldn’t be surprised to hear anything up to thirty thousand was paid for it.’

Ramsay smiled grimly.

‘You’ll be surprised to hear that Mrs Ramsay bought that string at a department store the day before we left New York, for eighteen dollars.’

Mr Kelada flushed.

‘Rot. It’s not only real, but it’s as fine a string for its size as I’ve ever seen.’

‘Will you bet on it? I’ll bet you a hundred dollars it’s imitation.’

‘Done. Let me look at the chain, and if it’s imitation I’ll tell you quickly enough. I can afford to lose a hundred dollars,’ said Mr Kelada.

‘Take it off, dear. Let the gentleman look at it as much as he wants.’

Mrs Ramsay hesitated a moment. She put her hands to the clasp.

‘I can’t undo it,’ she said. ‘Mr Kelada will just have to take my word for it.’

I had a sudden suspicion that something unfortunate was about to occur, but I could think of nothing to say.

Ramsay jumped up.

‘I’ll undo it.’

He handed the chain to Mr Kelada. The Levantine took a magnifying glass from his pocket and closely examined it. A smile of triumphs spread over his smooth and swarthy face. He handed back the chain. He was about to speak. Suddenly he caught sight of Mrs Ramsay face. It was so white that she looked as though she were about to faint. She was staring at him with wide and terrified eyes. They held a desperate appeal; it was so clear that I wondered why her husband did not see it.

Mr Kelada stopped with his mouth open. He flushed deeply. You could almost see the effort he was making over himself.

‘I was mistaken,’ he said. ‘It is a very good imitation, but of course as soon as I looked through my glass I saw that it wasn’t real. I think eighteen dollars is just about as much as the damned thing’s worth.’

He took out his pocket-book and from it a hundred-dollar note. He handed it to Ramsay without a word.

‘Perhaps that’ll teach you not to be so cocksure another time, my young friend,’ said Ramsay as he took the note.

I noticed that Mr Kelada’s hands were shaking.

Next morning I got up and began to shave. Mr Kelada lay on his bed smoking a cigarette. Suddenly there was a small scraping sound and I saw a letter pushed under the door. I opened the door and looked out. There was nobody there. I picked the letter and saw it was addressed to Max Kelada. The name was written in block letters. I handed it to him.

He took out of the envelope, not a letter, but a hundred-dollar note. He looked at me and again he reddened.

‘No one likes being made to look a perfect damned fool,’ he said.

‘Were the pearls real?’

‘If I had a pretty little wife I shouldn’t let her spend a year in New York while I stayed at Kobe,’ said he.

At that moment I did not entirely dislike Mr Kelada. He reached out for his pocket-book and carefully put in it the hundred-dollar note.

(abridged from Mr Know-All by S. Maugham)


  1. King George - George V, king of England (1865-1936)

  2. The Union Jack - national flag of Great Britain

  3. Levantine - a native or an inhabitant of the Levant (region on the East Mediterranean, including all countries bordering the sea between Greece and Egypt.

  4. Kobe - a city in Japan

  5. Fifth Avenue - a street in New York with many stores (shops) frequented by very rich people

  6. cocksure - (разг.) уверенный в чем-либо; самоуверенный


add (vt,vi)- добавлять, прибавлять, присоединять If you add 5 and/to 5 you get 10. Phr add sth up - add up a column of figures ‘And I hope you’ll come early,’ he added. - addition (n) - прибавление, пополнение, прибавление He will be a useful addition to the staff of the school; Phr in addition to - в добавлении к чему-л.; additional (adj) - дополнительный additional charges

prove (vt,vi) 1.- доказывать, подтверждать His guilt was clearly proved. I shall prove to you that the witness is unreliable. 2. - оказываться The new secretary proved to be useless. Let’s hope that the new secretary won’t prove as inefficient as her predecessor.- proof (n) [U] - подтверждение, доказательство Is there any proof that the accused man was at the scene of the accident? Can you give proof that you are British?

betray (vt) - изменять, предавать; выдавать (себя) He betrayed his principles. The boy’s face betrayed the fact that he had been eating jam. His accent at once betrayed the fact that he was a foreigner. - betrayal (n) - измена, предательство

familiar (adj) - хорошо знакомый, знающий; фамильярный I am not very familiar with botanical names; facts that are familiar to every schoolboy; the familiar voices of the friends. Are you on familiar terms with Mr Green. Do you address him as ‘Tom’ or ‘Mr Green?’ Don’t be too familiar with him, he is a dishonest man

occur (vi) - случаться, происходить; приходить на ум, в голову When did this accident occur? An idea has just occurred to me.- occurrence (n) - случай, происшествие an everyday occurrence; an unfortunate occurrence

intolerable (adj) - невыносимый, нестерпимый intolerable heat; Is the world becoming an intolerable place to live in?

resent (vt) - негодовать, возмущаться, обижаться resent criticism; Does he resent my being here? - resentful (adj) - обиженный, возмущенный; resentment (n) - негодование, чувство обиды feel no resentment against anyone;

resume (vt) - возобновлять, продолжать; вновь обретать resume one’s work/ one’s story; resume one’s seat

sense (n) 1. - чувство (sight, hearing, smell, taste and touch); sixth sense; 2. (pl) - сознание, рассудок He must be out of his senses to say such things. 3. - ощущение, чувство a sense of duty; a sense of humour; a sense of direction; a sense of one’s own importance; a sense of responsibility; 4 [U] - здравый смысл, There is a lot of sense in what he says. There is no sense in doing that. What’s the sense of doing that? Now you are talking sense.(говорить разумно, дело) common sense - здравый смысл; make sense - иметь смысл It doesn’t make sense. sense (vt) - чувствовать, осознавать He sensed that his proposals were unwelcome.

trade (n) - 1. - торговля Trade was good last year. 2. - занятие, ремесло, профессия He is a tailor by trade. The school teachers many useful trades. trade-mark - фабричная марка; trade-union - профсоюз; trade (vi,vt) - 1. - торговать Britain trades with many European countries. 2. - обмениваться The boy traded his knife for a cricket bat. trade sth in - отдавать старую вещь в счет покупки новой He traded in his 1995 car for a new model

afford (vt) - иметь возможность, быть в состоянии сделать что-либо We cant afford a holiday this summer. She can’t afford to displease her boss.

appeal (vt) 1. - апеллировать, взывать The prisoner appealed to the judge for mercy. At Christmas people appeal to us to help the poor.2. - обжаловать, апеллировать (legal) The prisoner appealed against the decision. 3. - привлекать, интересовать, трогать These paintings do not appeal to me. appeal (for) (n) - призыв, обращение; просьба, мольба; апелляция

Word combinations

put up with - примириться с

cannot but do sth - не мог не сделать что-либо

cannot help doing sth (laughing/ crying)- не мог не (рассмеяться, расплакаться)

set (put) sb at ease - избавить кого-либо от смущения, успокоить

take it as a compliment -воспринимать что-либо как комплимент

be at sbs mercy - быть во власти кого-либо, на милость кого-либо

You take my word for it - можете мне поверить

make an effort -сделать усилие

Ex. 11. Answer questions about the text.

1. Why was the narrator prepared to dislike Mr Kelada even before he saw him? 2. Why did he have to share the cabin with Mr Kelada? 3. What was the narrator’s first impression of Mr Kelada? 4. What kind of man was Mr Kelada? 5. What was the narrator’s opinion of Mr Kelada? 6. What was the attitude of other passengers to Mr Kelada? Why? 7. Who did the narrator share the table with? 8. Why were there heated arguments at every meal? 9. Why did Mr Kelada lose his temper while discussing the pearl business? 10. What did Mr Kelada and Mr Ramsay bet on? 11. Why didn’t Mr Kelada tell the truth about Mrs Ramsay’s pearls? 12. Why did the narrator change his opinion of Mr Kelada?

Ex. 12. Find in the text the English for the following words and use them in discussing the text:

получить место (на пароходе); примириться с чем-л.; быть благодарным чему-л.; попутчик; проживать вместе с кем-л.(в каюте); направиться; доказать; подданный; пристальное изучение; раскрыть факт; разговорчивый; не мог не чувствовать; фамильярный; напускать на себя важный вид; избавлять кого-либо от смущения; осадить; никогда не приходило в голову; общительный человек; проводить аукционы; собирать деньги; организовывать бал-маскарад; воспринимать как комплимент; быть в чьей-либо власти; прекратить говорить на тему; делать по своему; вновь занять свой пост; плохо оплачиваемая работа; скромность; уменьшить ценность; заниматься этим бизнесом; поверить на слово; спорить на 100 долларов; позволить себе проиграть; медлить; собираться сказать что-то; заметить; отчаянная мольба; сделать усилие; ошибиться.

Ex. 13. Fill in the blanks with prepositions.

1. The child can’t add ........ a column .........figures. 2. I’m sure that these facts are familiar ......... every schoolchild. 3. It’s amazing that such brilliant idea occurred ........ a small boy. 4. There is little sense ......... what he is saying. 5. There is no sense ........... discussing the issue now. We can resume the discussion ........ soon ......... we get the necessary information. 6. He traded ........ his old Ford ........ a new model. 7. This dress doesn’t appeal ............ me. I won’t buy it. 8. Her calm words set everybody ......... ease. 9. Some women told him that he looked boyish but he didn’t take it ........ a complement. 10. He couldn’t put ....... ....... the criticism. He felt resentment ......... his friends. 11. The idea of marriage doesn’t appeal ........ me. 12. There isn’t much sense ....... warning him ....... the dangers ....... the trip. He knows it himself. 13. Without a gun he was ......... their mercy. 14. Perhaps, this book will prove to be ....... some use ........ you ........your study.

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