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Sports.

Lesson 1.

I. A pre-reading task: Answer the questions.

Do you like sports? What winter kinds of sport do you know? (skating, skiing, shooting, hunting, tobogganing). What summer kinds of sport do you know? (windsurfing, swimming, rowing, boating, yachting, cycling, gliding).

Which outdoor & indoor sport games can you name? (bowls, darts, billiards, table-tennis, golf, badminton, lawn-tennis, baseball, cricket, hockey, football, volley-ball, basket-ball).

What kind of sports are you good at? Can you spend much time on sport?

What do you prefer: to see a sport program on TV or to take an active part in the game?

II. Study the new words & read the text:

to keep fit to do some training

to do in for to toboggan

to do one’s morning jerks track - & - field athletics

to the cassette (music)

If you want to keep fit, you must go in for one kind of sport or another.

Sport is an essential part of my daily life. Every morning all the year round I do my morning jerks to the cassette with dancing music.

Almost every day I do some training. In summer I go swimming & rowing. I usually spend my winter holidays in the country where I ski, skate or toboggan.

I also go in for track - & - field athletics. All my friends go in for different kinds of sports, such as water sports, gymnastics or calisthenics, fencing, wrestling, boxing, etc…

Of all outdoor games I prefer football. I never miss a single match played by “Dynamo”, for I am a “Dynamo” fan. Sport makes people strong, healthy & merry, & I like it very much.

III. Answer the questions (Discussion):

  1. What should a man do if he wants to keep fit?

  2. What does the word “sport” mean in your life.

IV. Give your reasons for & against going in for sports.

V. Dialogue: One of you is a keen on sports, another one doesn’t like it. Discuss the problem if sport makes people strong, healthy & jolly.

VI. Study the following rules of the word-formation:

  • er com be used for many sports, е.g. footballer, swimmer, windsurfer, high-jumper, cricketer, golfer, etc…

Player is often necessary, е.g. tennis-player, snooker-player, darts-player; we can also say football-player, cricket-player.

Some names must be learn separately, e.g. canoeist, cyclist, mountaineer, jockey, archer (not archerer), gymnast.

What do you call a person who:

  1. does the long-jump? 5. does gymnastics?

  2. Rides horses in races? 6. plays hockey?

  3. Drives cars in races? 7. plays football?

  4. Throws the discus / javelin? 8. does the pole-vault?

(метает диск / копьё) (прыгает с шестом)

VII. H / task: 1. Learn the new words.

2. Read the text & do the tasks.

3. Speak on the situation: “Sports in my life”.

Text.

A sporting disaster.

I never really enjoyed sports at school, I remember when I played football. I was always put in, goal, but I used to get bored & read a book. Then when the other side scored the rest of my team would shout at me. Later on I tried tennis, which wasn’t much better. I used to have this habit of dropping the racket each time I went to hit the ball. The worst thing was when I actually won a game. I was so pleased that I ran & tried to jump over the net but caught my foot on it, feel & broke my arm.

My latest attempt to get fit was when I tried boxing at a local gym. I’ll never forget my first fight. I climbed into the ring & the bell went for the start of the first half. I just shut my eyes & swung my first. Unfortunately, I hit the referee & not my opponent. Needless to say that was the end of my boxing career. Next I decided to take up mountaineering. I bought a holiday in the Himalayas with two old school friends. On our first climb I managed to slip & found myself handing on the end of a rope half way up a mountain. All my friends could do was to call out to me to until the rescue party arrived. I guess I’ll never learn. I keep on wanting to try out other sports even though I know I’ll never be a champion.

Ex.I: Answer the questions:

Why do you think the boy was put in goal? What was wrong with him when he went in for tennis? Why couldn’t he win his boxing fight? Was he successful in mountaineering? What’s the reason of his wanting to try out other sports?

II. Find the English equivalents for the following:

увлекаться спортом, ставить к-л на ворота, заскучать, забить гол, иметь привычку делать ч-л, отбивать мяч, выиграть игру, перепрыгнуть через ч-л, зацепиться чем-либо за что-либо, сломать руку, быть в хорошей спортивной форме, спортивный зал, махнуть кулаком, ударить судью, противник, карьера боксёра, заняться альпинизмом, при первом восхождении, поскользнуться, обнаружить себя висящим, взывать к кому-то, спасательная служба, продолжать.

III. Use the words above in the sentences of your own.

IV. Characterize the character of the text.

Lesson 2.

I. Unprepared talk: a) Say what they do.

a skater, a swimmer, a boxer, a skier, a wrestler, a footballer, a speed-skater, a fencer, a chess-player, a basketballer, a tennis-player, an athlete, a goal-keeper, a draughtsman, a cyclist, a gymnast, a weight-lifter.

b) What do you call a person who goes in for:

wrestling, cycling, weight-lifting, swimming, diving, running, mountaineering, boxing, skiing, racing, hunting, playing football, playing chess, playing draughts, athletics, skating, playing valley-ball, playing basket-ball, playing hockey.

II. Checking the home work: a) read the text

b) do the tasks on it

c) their situations

III. Those who have delivered their situations think over 5 main reasons why they like (or dislike) sports. Starts the sentence with “In spite of…”, “Because of”.

IV. Study the words & read the text.

to dive bold people

to put-the-shot sporting spirit

to become proficient in smth to endure smth

to be encouraged to seek revenge

to be practiced to lose (lost, lost)

moderate means (to be lost, е.д. The game is lost)

a rod for fear of

to appeal to smb defeat

Text.

Athletic sports include running, boxing, rowing, jumping, diving, swimming, weightlifting, putting-the-shot, skating, wrestling, etc… To become proficient is these sports one must practice constantly. They are encourages in schools, universities & clubs all over the world.

Other popular outdoor sports (field sports) are hunting, shooting, fishing, horse-racing, motor-racing & mountain climbing (mountaineering).

The most popular outdoor games are football, cricket, hockey, tennis. Indoor games include billiards, card games, chess, draughts.

Some people hate playing if there is no crowd to applaud them, some play only to win prizes, others are unwilling to play against stronger opponents for fear of defeat. Such people are not sportsmen in the best sense of the word, but if they go on playing they may become sportsmen in time. We should all try to become “good lovers”, to accept our disappointments cheerfully.

Fishing is practiced by thousands of people of moderate means. It requires great skill & much practice to “land” a heavy fish with a light rod. Fishing is a very quiet & peaceful occupation & is an excellent pastime for those who dislike noise & crowds. Horse racing is practiced in many countries of the world. The horses are specially trained & are ridden by professional “jockey”.

The sport of mountain climbing appeals to many adventurous people. Every year there are fatal accidents, but every year finds bold young men arriving in mountains ready to risk their lives among the high peaks.

The most popular game in the world is certainly football. This is the game that is played in nearly all countries. Hockey is fairy popular in England & some other countries. Tennis can’t be failed mentioning either as it’s an international game. *

* What is a sportsman? He is one who is interested in sport. But that is only one meaning of the word. Even if a person is not interested in any sport & has no opportunity or inclination to play any game, he may be called a sportsman if he has something called the “sporting spirit”. This “sporting spirit” is something that the playing of games develops in people, though a person may have it two plays no games. It’s the ability to endure hard knocks without getting angry or seeking revenge; the ability to smile in times of danger & hardship, the ability to win without boasting afterwards, & to lose without complaining. A sportsman forgets himself in his loyalty to his own side; he refuses to be disheartened when the battle seems already lost.

  1. Answer the q.q.: What do athletic sports include? What are popular outdoor sports? What are popular outdoor & indoor games? Are fishing & horse-racing popular pastimes? What sport appeals to many adventurous people? What is the most popular game in the world?

  2. Express your opinion on the following:

What is the difference between a “sport” & “game”? What games take the first place in public interest? Does our country differ from others in this point?

  1. Make up statements on the text for the rest mates to agree or disagree with (5 items).

  1. Home tasks: 1). Get ready for a test reading.

2). Describe your favourite game. Let your mate guess which game you are describing speak according to the plan:

1. Number of players (perteam).

Two teams of eleven players each a ball.

2. Equipment necessary.

Each player wears shorts & special boots.

3. Place where played: a special field which has goal posts at both ends.

4. How to play & win: the players kick the ball to each other. They try to kick it between the goal posts of the opposing team. The opposing team try to stop them. The team scoring the greatest number of “goals” wins.

5. Length of game: one hour & a half, with a break in the middle.

6. Some of the rules: only the 2 goal-keeper (who stand in front of the 2 goals) are allowed to tough the ball with their hands; no one can kick or push another player

3). Make up a situation; “Traits of character of a

sportsman”.

Lesson 3.

I. Unprepared talk: Describe how the following pairs of sports are similar to & different from each other.

  1. volley ball/basketball; 2. tennis/table tennis;

  1. boxing/wrestling; 4. surfing/windsurfing;

II. A game: one by one the students name the sports which can be hold or played both indoors & outdoors.

(3 students who have finished the first should be given an extra item in their homework).

III. Checking up home assignment: a) test reading.

b) Discussion: Are draughts & chess, hunting & fishing worth calling “sport”?

c) Describing of their a game.

IV. Read the dialogue:

My favourite game.

I: So, Martin, what sport do you play?

M: I play football, volley-ball, tennis & table-tennis but volley-ball is my favourite game as it1s a team game & you can play it with your friends & enjoy it as a team.

I: It is quite a fast game as well?

M: Yeah. It’s a fast game & it’s another reason why I enjoy it.

I: How exciting…

M: Yes.

I: Where do you play, then?

M: I play at local sports centres more during the winter & sort of play in tournaments around England. I also, in the summer, play beach volley-ball.

I: Is beach volley-ball different from the volley-ball you play in the centres?

M: Yes, it’s a very different game. Instead of 6 players on a team, it’s only 2 players.

I: You mentioned you played in tournaments – now do you do quite well in the tournaments?

M: Yes, I’ve played for South West England & we’ve got through to the semifinals of different England tournaments, & for Wessex, my other volley-ball team, we’ve actually won a few tournaments. So, yes, I have done quite well.

I: Oh well done! What sort of equipment do you need?

M: Well, first of all you need the ball & the net, & obviously the court… but you may also need knee pads & your volley-ball kit.

I: OK…knee pads because you fall on you knees a lot.

M: Yes…when diving & things like that.

I: Diving?

M: Diving…yeah.

I: It sounds like swimming, that means jumping to catch the ball?

M: Yes, jumping to get a ball up in the air.

I: Yes, all right. So how often do you play volley-ball then, Martin?

M: Well, during the season, which is about September to june, I play twice a week. One of those is training, & one of those is a match. And during the summer I play beach volley-ball, but that’s only once a week.

to get through to – дойти до…

knee pads – наколенники

volleyball kit – волейбольная экипировка

V. Speak about Martin’s favourite sport (in chain).

VI. Dialogue: You & your friend are speaking about your favourite sports & pastimes.

VII. H/task: 1. Make up a situation: “My favourite sport”.

2. Describe one of the lessons of PT at the Uni.

3. Get ready for a spelling list on a separate piece of paper

draw colomns. Choose 15 sports or activities & fill in the

colomns.

*Extra-task:

Sport

go or play

person

place

equipment

needed

1. football

Play

footballer

football ground

ball & boots

2. …

Lesson 4.

I. Unprepared talk: Agree or disagree.

  1. Badminton can be played only indoors.

  2. The goal-keeper acts as a judge in football.

  3. Ice-hockey is popular with women.

  4. People who play draughts are called draughtsmen.

  5. Golf is played on ice-fields.

  6. In hockey a hand ball & rackets are used.

  7. Track-&-field events are never included in Olympic Games.

  8. You may touch the ball with your hands when playing football.

II. Checking the home assignment: a) the discription of a lesson of PT.

b) their situation.

c) listening to 3 students with their extra-task.

d) spelling list:

mountaineering, tobogganing, draughts, diving, score, athletics, gymnastics, rowing & canoeing, lawn tennis, javelin, to set up a record, callisthenics, yachting, wrestling, amateur, billiards, tournament, boxing, weight-lifting, hockey, gym, javelin.

III. Listening: Children in professional sports. :Headway. Intermediate. T5”.

Pre-listening task: 1. In which sport do children complete with adults? 2. The first words of a radio programme are: “On todays program we look at the children who are trying to be champions in the world of sport, & the pressures they can be under to win, win, win”. What are the pressures mentioned? Where do they come from? 3. Do you expect the programme will:

  • give advice to children about how to become professional?

  • suggest that children should not become professional?

  • say that children should specialize as early as possible?

  • say that children should live a normal life?

Words & WCs:

  • coach

  • youngsters

  • with more than a chance of success

  • a shadow of doubt

  • way of avoiding trouble

  • train under a coach

  • a keen photographer

Comprehension check:

  1. What is the advantage for a child to begin a sport at a young age? What is the disadvantage?

  2. What happens at a tennis school in America?

  3. What is Pam de Gruchy’s advice to young tennis players?

  4. What is Robert’s ambition?

  5. What are some of the things he likes doing?

Listen to the for the 2 time & give a jist.

IV. Home/task: 1) Speak on the topic “Children in sport”. Mind the following points in your topic: a) Should there be a minimum age for teenagers becoming professional?

b) Think of some children who have excellent in the world of sport, music, art, films, etc… How were they effected by their success & fame?

c) Their future fate: is it always successful?

2) Insert the articles where necessary.

In 1988, at…age of 19, Steffi Graf could finally say “I am…best woman tennis player in…world.” In that year she won all…Grand tournaments: … French Open, Wimbledon, … US Open & Australian Open.

Steffi started young. When she was only 4 her father, Peter, gave her … small tennis racket. They played together in … living room, & they used … sofa as … net. If Steffi could hit … ball back ten times, she got…bread stick. If she hit it back 25 times, she got…strawberries & … ice-cream!

Steffi started winning … competitions when she was 6. At… age of 10 she could play very well, & her father gave up his job & became her tennis teacher.

Today Steffi is…brilliant & confident player - … true champion, but she still enjoys being at home with her father, with her mother, Heidi & her brother, Michael (who is 2 years younger than she is).

When she isn’t playing … tennis, Steffi likes … shopping, … playing…cards & listening to … music. She can’t drive yet but she’s already got 3 cars. She won them as…prizes in…competitions. Steffi travels a lot & she speaks very good English.

Lesson 5.

I. Unprepared talk: Think over the countries which are famous for this or that kind of sport.

II. Their topics. (Those who have answered can do the following exercise).

Fill in prepositions where necessary:

Sport is very popular … Britain. … other words a lot … British people like the idea … sport, a lot even watch sport, especially … the TV. However, the number who actively take part … sport is probably quite small. … the whole British people prefer to be fat rather than fit.

The most popular spectator sport is football. Football is played … a Saturday afternoon … most British towns & the fans, or supporters … a particular team will travel … one end … the country… the other to see their team play.

Many other sports are also played … Britain, including golf … which you try to knock a ball … a hole; croquet … which you try to knock a ball … some hoops; basketball … which you try to get a ball … a net; tennis … which you try to hit a ball so that your opponent can’t hit it & cricket which is played … a ball, but is otherwise incomprehensible as you can see, if the ball had not been invented, there would have been no sport.

Actually that’s not quite true. Athletics is not played … a ball, nor is horse-racing. Perhaps that explains why they are not so popular as football.

III. Checking up the home exercise.

IV. Dialogue: You’re both keen on sport & have your favourite sportsman. Explain each other why you like him.

V. H/task: 1) Make up an exercise to master the new lexics.

2) Revises the material from your course on country study & speak on the topic: “Sports in Great Britain”.

3) Translate into English:

  1. Я знаю этого человека. Он был когда-то отличным бегуном, а теперь тренирует молодых спортсменов. 2. Я едва мог поверить своим ушам, когда мне сказали, что команда нашего института выиграла со счётом 6:0. 3. Моя старшая сестра занимается художественной гимнастикой уже 3 года. 4. Я рад, что сегодняшняя игра закончилась вничью. Мы могли проиграть, многие из нас не в форме. 5. Я мечтаю поставить рекорд по плаванию. 6. Я болею за футбольную команду «Спартак». 7. Виндсёрфинг и дельтапланеризм появились сравнительно недавно. 8. Мальчик мечтает стать хоккеистом и просит купить ему клюшку и шайбу. 9. Кто первый забил гол? 10. Вы пойдёте на этот матч? 11. Ему хорошо даётся фигурное катание. 12. Не стоит вступать больше, чем в 2 спортивных кружка одновременно. 13. Я уверен, что это – прекрасный зал со всеми возможностями для хорошей физической подготовки.

Lesson 6.

I. Unprepared talk: speak on each kind of sport; briefly describe it as well as qualities it requires from the sportsman ( strength, endurance, quickness, mountaineering, rowing, yachting, boxing, wrestling, fencing, figure-skating, hang gliding, discus throwing, marathon).

II. Checking up the translation.

III. Their topics + cards on lexics made by the students.

IV. Checking up the tasks in the cards.

V. H/task: 1. Get ready for a final test on the topic.

2. УИРС: Find some information about Olympic Games.

Test.

  1. Translate into English: 1. Когда я был студентом, я занимался спортом. Я хорошо бегал и прыгал. Но когда я стал старше, я забросил спорт и очень жалею об этом. Этой зимой я собираюсь ходить на лыжах и кататься на коньках, а когда придёт лето, буду плавать и заниматься греблей.

  1. Я учусь в лингвистическом институте. У нас прекрасный спортзал и все возможности для хорошей физической подготовки.

  2. Мой брат мечтает поставить рекорд по плаванию. Он много тренируется.

  3. Альпинизм – опасный вид спорта.

  4. Я не увлекаюсь лёгкой атлетикой. Ей я предпочитаю футбол.

  5. Вы сбираетесь участвовать в лодочных гонках? – Нет, я сейчас не в форме.

II. Persuade smb to start practising sport immediately.

Essential Vocabulary.

Some popular sports

callisthenics discus (hammer, javelin)

boxing throwing

car-racing (motorcycle) putting-the-shot

horse-racing high (long, triple) jump

cycling skating

diving skiing

fencing sky diving

figure-skating swimming

gymnastics weight-lifting

gliding windsurfing

hang-gliding wrestling

mountaineering yachting

rowing & canoeing marathon

athletics hunting

Some popular games

football open-air-games

cricket volley-ball

lawn tennis basket-ball

hockey golf

badminton

Indoor games

chess table-tennis card games

draughts billiards

Sports terms.

an amateur (ant.professional) a cup (final, semi-final) match

a championship (e.g. national) to defeat

to complete an event (e.g. the winners of dif-

a competition (e.g. inter-college ferent events)

cup competition)

a contest (e.g. world gymnastic

contest)

Participants.

crew (rowing or sailing) opponent

team (national, Olympic, college) sportsman (syn.athlete)

official (syn.impire, referee, judge)

Audience.

a fan a spectator

to shout for to support

Scoring-system.

best (record, fastest) time a point (e.g. How many points

to defeat have they won?)

draw (e.g. the match ended in a draw) a score

a goal to score (e.g. Neither side

to lose scored in the game)

Competition sites & sports equipment.

a club (stick) a puck a pad

a gym a racket

a javelin boxing gloves

a net trampoline

a play-ground uneven bars (ant. parallel)

a climbing rope a balance beam

wall-bars a skipping-rope

a rod a kit

Word Combinations.

athletic training to win the team (personal,

to follow a tournament national, world) cham-

to kick the ball pionship

to score a goal (20 points) to win by 2 goals (points)

to keep the score to win with the score 4 or 0

to draw a game in smb’s favour)

to win a prize (a cup, the victory) to become proficient

to set up (break) a record to put in goal

the world record to train under a coach

to do some training

to keep fit



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