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УЧРЕЖДЕНИЕ ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ «БЕЛОРУССКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ»

CONTENTS

UNIT

TENSE FORMS

1

Present Simple vs Present Continuous

2

Past Simple vs Past Continuous

3

Past Simple vs Present Perfect

4

Present Perfect vs

Present Perfect Continuous

5

Past Simple vs Past Perfect

6

Past Perfect vs Past Perfect Continuous

7

Future Mix: Future Simple, Future Continuous, to be going to, Present Simple, Present Continuous, Future Perfect, Future Perfect Continuous

8

Mixed Tenses

APPENDICES

A

Tense Forms Chart

B

Tense Forms Usage

C

List of Irregular Verbs

Рекомендовано кафедрой профессионально ориентированной английской речи УО «Белорусский государственный экономический университет»

Белова К.А.

Белова, К. А. English Tenses : Active Voice : сборник текстов по грамматике англ. яз. для студентов ДФО и ЗФО / К. А. Белова. – БГЭУ, 2016. – 25 с.

Данное учебно-методическое пособие направлено на развитие и совершенствование грамматических навыков употребления временных форм глагола в английском языке. Пособие предназначено для студентов ДФО и ЗФО всех специальностей. Может быть использовано в качестве основного или дополнительного материала при обучении английской грамматике.

1) Open the brackets to complete the text with suitable verb forms.

It’s the year 2100. Ben 1) ________ (be) a computer programmer and he 2) ________ (live) on the moon. Every day at 18.00 he 3) ________ (finish) work at the space station and 4) ________ (go) to the Matrix café. It’s 18.30 and Ben 5) ________ (look out) of the café window at the space cars flying by. Every day he 6) ________ (watch) the same space cars, but today is different. Ben 7) ________ (not sit) alone. There 8) ________ (be) a girl at his table. She 9) ________ (read) a digital magazine. The girl is very beautiful. She 10) ________ (have got) short, orange hair and yellow eyes. She 11) ________ (wear) a green space suit. “12) ________ I ________ (know) you?” she asks. “I 13) ________ (not think) so,” says Ben. “I’m Ben. What’s your name?”

2) Open the brackets to complete the text with suitable verb forms.

A Trekking Journal_November 12, 1997

Today 1) ________ (be) the second day of my trek around Mount Annapurna. I am exhausted and my legs 2) ________ (shake); I just hope I am able to complete the trek. My feet 3) ________ (kill, really) me and my toes 4) ________ (bleed), but I 5) ________ (want, still) to continue.

Nepal is a fascinating country, but I have a great deal to learn. Everything 6) ________ (be) so different, and I 7) ________ (try) to adapt to the new way of life here. I 8) ________ (learn) a little bit of the language to make communication easier; unfortunately, I 9) ________ (learn, not) foreign languages quickly. Although I 10) ________ (understand, not) much yet, I believe that I 11) ________ (improve, gradually) I 12) ________ (travel, currently) with Liam, a student from Leeds University in England. He 13) ________ (be) a nice guy, but impatient. He 14) ________ (walk, always) ahead of me and 15) ________ (complain) that I am too slow. I 16) ________ (do) my best to keep up with him, but he is younger and stronger than I am. Maybe, I am just feeling sorry for myself because I am getting old.

Right now, Liam 17) ________ (sit) with the owner of the inn. They 18) ________ (discuss) the differences between life in England and life in Nepal. I 19) ________ (know, not) the real name of the owner, but everybody 20) ________ (call, just) him Tam. Tam 21) ________ (speak) English very well and he 22) ________ (try) to teach Liam some words in Nepali. Every time Tam 23) ________ (say) a new word, Liam 24) ________ (try) to repeat it. Unfortunately, Liam 25) ________ (seem, also) to have difficulty learning foreign languages. I just hope we don't get lost and have to ask for directions.

3) Open the brackets to complete the text with suitable verb forms.

Last night, while I was doing my homework, Angela 1) ________ (call) She said she 2) ________ (call) me on her cell phone from her biology classroom at UCLA. I asked her if she 3) ________ (wait) for class, but she said that the professor was at the front of the hall lecturing while she 4) ________ (talk) to me. I couldn't believe she 5) ________ (make) a phone call during the lecture. I asked what was going on. She said her biology professor was so boring that several of the students 6) ________ (sleep, actually) in class. Some of the students 7) ________ (talk) about their plans for the weekend and the student next to her 8) ________ (draw) a picture of a horse. When Angela 9) ________ (tell) me she was not satisfied with the class, I 10) ________ (mention) that my biology professor was quite good and 11) ________ (suggest) that she switch to my class. While we were talking, I 12) ________ (hear) her professor yell, "Miss, are you making a phone call?" Suddenly, the line went dead. I 13) ________ (hang) up the phone and went to the kitchen to make dinner. As I 14) ________ (cut) vegetables for a salad, the phone rang once again. It 15) ________ (be) Angela, but this time she 16) ________ (not sit) in class.

4) Open the brackets to complete the text with suitable verb forms.

1) ________ (hear) a terrible explosion while I 2) ________ (walk) into my office on the 24th floor of the north tower, so I 3) ________ (look) out of the window. Lots of paper 4) ________ (fall) from the sky. There was an announcement to evacuate the building, so we 5) ________ (start) walking down the stairs. As we 6) ________ (go) down, we 7) ________ (see) some fire-fighters who 8) ________ (run) up the stairs. When we 9) ________ (get) to the ground floor, we 10) ________ (run) as fast as we could, and after 10 minutes we 11) ________ (stop) to rest in a small park. That's where we 12) ________ (stand) when the second tower 13) ________ (fall) down. I 14) ________ (live) in Edinburgh at the time in a fourth floor flat. It 15) ________ (be) about two o'clock and I 16) ________ (sleep). Suddenly I  17) ________ (wake up). I 18) ________ (hear) a dog barking loudly outside my window. I 19) ________ (get up) and  20) ________ (look out). I 21) ________ (be) still half asleep and it 22) ________ (be) very dark but I could see that someone 23) ________ (climb up) a ladder towards my bedroom window. I 24) ________ (be) terrified. I quickly 25) ________ (phone) the police. I  26) ________ the situation when I  27) ________ (hear) a knock on the window. I 28) ________ (look) up. There 29) ________ (be) my flat mate at the top of the ladder. He 30) ________ (wave) and 31) ________ (shout), "Let me in. I've forgotten my keys!"

5) Open the brackets to complete the text with suitable verb forms.

Film maker George Richards 1) ________ (be) interested in the cinema since he 2) ________ (be) a small child. He 1) ________ (make) his first film when he  3) ________ (be) just twelve years old. He is now almost forty and he 4) ________ (make) thirty films. George loves travelling. His work 5) ________ (take) him all over the world. He 6) ________ (be) to Africa, India, Australia, China, the USA and South America. Last year, he 7) ________ (visit) Russia for the first time. George is married to the singer Kathy Burke. They 8) ________ (be) married for ten years. They live with their two children on the Greek island of Kos. They  9) ________ (buy) a house on the island in 1987 and they 10) ________ (live) there since then.

6) Open the brackets to complete the text with suitable verb forms.

1) ________ (do) lots of horrible jobs in my life, but the worst job I 2) ________ (ever, have) was selling hotdogs. I 3) ________ (always, be) a vegetarian and I  4) ________ (never, eat) a hotdog in my life and never will. I 5) ________ (start) the job two years ago at the beginning of the summer holidays because I  6) ________ (need) the money to pay for my studies. We 7) ________ (have) to sell the hotdogs from little trolleys in London's Green Park. I 8) ________ (think) I would like the job because I 9) ________ (always, like) working outdoors. I was so wrong! I 10) ________ (never, make) such a big mistake in my whole life The hotdogs and the onions 11) ________ (smell) disgusting, the customers  12) ________ (be) rude and we 13) ________ (often, have) problems with the police. The boss 14) ________ (be) a big, fat man in a leather jacket. He  15) ________ (shout) at us all the time. 'How many 16) ________ (you, sell) today ?' 'You 17) ________ (not, sell) enough !' One day, the police 18) ________ (arrest) him and that 19) ________ (be) the end of the job. I 20) ________ (never, be) so happy in my whole life ! 

7) Open the brackets to complete the dialogue with suitable verb forms.

Robin: I think the waiter 1) ________ (forget) us. We 2) ________ (wait) here for over half an hour and nobody 3) ________ (take) our order yet.

Michele: I think you're right. He 4) ________ (walk) by us at least twenty times. He probably thinks we 5) ________ (order, already).

Robin: Look at that couple over there, they 6) ________ (be, only) here for five or ten minutes and they already have their food.

Michele: He must realize we 7) ________ (order, not) yet! We 8) ________ (sit) here for over half an hour staring at him.

Robin: I don't know if he 9) ________ (notice, even). He 10) ________ (run) from table to table taking orders and serving food.

Michele: That's true, and he 11) ________ (look, not) in our direction once.

8) Open the brackets to complete the text with suitable verb forms.

Jack's a tax inspector, but he 1) ________ (be) out of work for six months and he 2) ________ (try) to get another job. He 3) ________ (apply) for ten jobs but he 4) ________ (have) only one interview. As he is out of job now lately he 5) ________ (do) many jobs around the house. So far he 6) ________ (paint) all the bedrooms and he 7) ________ (build) a new garden shed. But with time he 8) ________ (get) more and more frustrated. All his life he 9) ________ (work) in an office, so he hates working in the house. He 10) ________ (not feel) well recently. He 11) ________ (see) the doctor two or three times, and he 12) ________ (take) pills for two weeks now, but they 13) ________ (not cure) his depression. Today he 14) ________ (decide) not to get up at all and to stay in bed. He 15) ________ (watch) television in bed all morning. He 16) ________ (watch) a documentary about unemployment despite the fact that he 17) ________ (see, already) it three times. Now at last he 18) ________ (fall) asleep. And for the last few minutes he 19) ________ (dream) about being back in an office again, surrounded by computer screens full of figures. He's smiling in his sleep. He 20) ________ (not smile) like that for months.

9) Open the brackets to complete the text with suitable verb forms.

I can't believe I 1) ________ (get) that apartment. I 2) ________ (submit) my application last week, but I didn't think I had a chance of actually getting it. When I 3) ________ (show up) to take a look around, there were at least twenty other people who 4) ________ (arrive) before me. Most of them 5) ________ (fill, already) out their applications and were already leaving. The landlord said I could still apply, so I did. I 6) ________ (try) to fill out the form, but I couldn't answer half of the questions. They 7) ________ (want) me to include references, but I didn't want to list my previous landlord because I 8) ________ (have) some problems with him and I knew he wouldn't recommend me. I 9) ________ (end) up listing my father as a reference. It was total luck that he 10) ________ (decide) to give me the apartment. It turns out that the landlord and my father 11) ________ (go) to high school together. He decided that I could have the apartment before he 12) ________ (look) at my credit report. I really lucked out!

10) Open the brackets to complete the text with suitable verb forms.

It 1) ________ (be) a cold and rainy Sunday, so I 2) ________ (decide) to finish the essay that I 3) ________ (start) writing a few days before. I 4) ________ (switch) on the computer and 5) ________ (open) the document. Then I  6) ________ (begin) looking for my notes that I 7) ________ (handwrite) on a sheet of paper. But the notes 8) ________ (be) not on my desk and I 9) ________ (can / not) remember where I 10) ________ (put) them. I 11) ________ (turn) the whole house upside down. And where 12) ________ (find / I) my notes? I 13) ________ (leave) them in the sitting room, under a huge staple of papers and magazines. Now that I 14) ________ (find) my notes,  15) ________ (want)  to continue writing my essay. First I 16) ________ (know / not) what to write but then I 17) ________ (have) lots of ideas. I 18) ________ (complete / almost) my essay when my computer suddenly 19) ________ (crash) and I 20) ________ (notice) that I 21) ________ (forget) to save the document. After I 22) ________ (reboot) my computer, I 23) ________ (see) that at least 5 of the pages I 24) ________ (type) 25) ________ (be)  missing. So I 26) ________ (have) to start all over again.

11) Open the brackets to complete the text with suitable verb forms.

I'm sorry I left without you last night, but I told you to meet me early because the show started at 8:00. I 1) ________ (try) to get tickets for that play for months, and I didn't want to miss it. By the time I finally left the coffee shop where we were supposed to meet, I 2) ________ (have) five cups of coffee and I 3) ________ (wait) over an hour. I had to leave because I 4) ________ (arrange) to meet Kathy in front of the theater. When I arrived at the theater, Kathy 5) ________ (pick, already) up the tickets and she was waiting for us near the entrance. She was really angry because she 6) ________ (wait) for more than half an hour. She said she 7) ________ (give, almost) up and 8) ________ (go) into the theater without us. Kathy told me you 9) ________ (be) late several times in the past and that she would not make plans with you again in the future. She mentioned that she 10) ________ (miss) several movies because of your late arrivals. I think you owe her an apology. And in the future, you should be on time!

12) Open the brackets to complete the text with suitable verb forms.

Julie  1) ________ (walk) for hours when she suddenly noticed that the sun was sinking in the sky. She 2) ________ (lose) track of time because she 3) ________ (think) about the most important decision in her life. Things 4) ________ (not be) the same between Julie and her fiancé, David, since he accepted a job in Paris. They 5) ________ (know) each other for almost five years. Lately, though, their relationship 6) ________ (become) stormy. They seemed to be finding fault with each other and disagreeing about everything. For the first time, she was starting to wonder if she was ready for marriage. And with the wedding only twenty days away, she needed to make up her mind soon.
Everything in Julie's life 7) ________ (go) well until her world fell apart just a month before. A large company 8) ________ (offer) David an important position that would require him to move to France. As his wife, Julie would have to go, too. Why 9) ________ he ________ (not discuss) his decision with her? Although Julie 10) ________  (always want) to live abroad she felt very confused. Was she ready to move halfway across the world, leaving behind her friends and family and her home? If the answer was no, was she ready to say goodbye to the only man she 11) ________ (ever, love)?

13) Open the brackets to complete the text with suitable verb forms.

It’s the last lesson at school today. The lesson 1) ________ (finish) at half past two, so it 2) ________ (last) another 20 minutes. Jack is thinking about the end of the school day. This afternoon he 3) ________ (play) football with his friends. Last time he did not play well and his team lost because of him. He  4) ________ (play) better today. And the weather forecast says that it  5) ________ (be) a sunny afternoon. So he 6) ________ (play) in good weather conditions today. The teacher has just asked a question and Fiona  7) ________ (answer) it. She has already raised her hand. But then the teacher thinks, “I 8) ________ (ask) Jack. Otherwise he 9) ________  (probably, fall) asleep.” As Jack has been daydreaming the whole time, he does not know the answer. But he promises that he 10) ________ (pay) attention in the future. He says he 11) ________ (learn) everything by September.

14) Open the brackets to complete the text with suitable verb forms.

Bill is daydreaming about his Monday… He 1) ________  (shave and shower), and then 2) ________ (make) a light breakfast. After he 3) ________ (eat) breakfast tomorrow, he 4) ________ (get) ready to go to work. His work 5) ________ (start) at 8 a.m. By the time he 6) ________ (get) to work tomorrow, he 7) ________ (drink) three cups of coffee. Between 8:00 and 9:00, Bill 8) ________  (answer) his e-mail and 9) ________ (plan) his day. By 10:00 tomorrow, he 10) ________ (call) his new clients. At 11:00 tomorrow, Bill 11) ________ (attend) a staff meeting. He 12) ________  (go) to lunch earlier than usual tomorrow, may be at noon, and 13) ________ (have) a sandwich and a bowl of soup this time instead of just a salad. After he 14) ________ (finish) eating, he 15) ________  (take) a short walk in the park before he returns to the office. He 16) ________  (work) at his desk until he 17) ________ (go) to another meeting in the middle of the afternoon. By the time he 18) ________ (leave) the office, he 19) ________ (attend) three meetings. When Bill 20) ________ (get) home, his children 21) ________ (play) in the yard. They 22) ________  (play) since 3:00 in the afternoon. As soon as he 23) ________ (finish) dinner, he 24) ________  (take) the children to a nearby playground. They 25) ________ (participate) in the family competition among neighbors as Bill has signed up for that. Afterward, the whole family 26) ________  (sit) in the living room and discuss their day. They 27) ________  (watch) television for a while, then Bill and his wife 28) ________  (put) the kids to bed. By the time Bill 29) ________ (go) to bed tomorrow, he 30) ________ (have) a full day. It’s 11 p.m. now and at this time tomorrow he 31) ________  (be) very tired as usual on Mondays.

15) Open the brackets to complete the text with suitable verb forms.

Tom Wilson 1) ___is____ (be) an explorer. He 2) ________ (be) to nearly every country in the world, but the most exciting time he 3) ________ (ever/have) was when he 4) ________ (go) to the Congo jungle. A magazine 5) ________ (ask) him to retrace the route of a famous explorer who 6) ________ (disappear) in the 1920's. As he 7) ________ (follow) a small river he got separated from his guides. He 8) ________ (go on) alone, hoping he 9) ________ (find) them, but instead he 10) ________ (meet) a group of natives. He 11) ________ (stay) with them for several days and 12) ________ (find out) that a very old woman 13) ________ (actually/meet) the famous explorer. She 14) ________ (know) how he 15) ________ (die). Tom 16) ________ (become) very friendly with the natives and now he 17) ________ (plan) to go back and see them again. He is sure they 18) ________ (welcome) him back.

16) Open the brackets to complete the text with suitable verb forms.

When Francis Lee was a boy he 1) ________ (want) to be an astronaut. He 2) ________ (watch) TV one day in 1969 when he 3) ________ (see) Neil Armstrong walk on the moon. Since then he 4) ________ (always/dream) of doing the same. Every night when there is a full moon, he 5) ________ (stare) up at it for hours and 6) ________ (imagine) himself walking around on it. At the moment, however, he 7) ________ (work) as a night-watchman at a meat factory. He 8) ________ (do) the same job since he left school fifteen years ago, but he still hopes that one day his dream 9) ________ (come) true. He 10) ________ (hear) that in the 21st century they 11) ________ (sell) tickets to fly to the moon. For this reason he 12) ________ (save) half of his wages every month for the past two years. He hopes he 13) ________ (visit) the moon by the time he is an old man.

17) Open the brackets to complete the text with suitable verb forms.

Sue Thomas is a fashion designer. She 1) ________ (make) clothes ever since she 2) ________ (be) a young girl. She 3) ________ (get) her first job in a clothes factory when she was sixteen. She 4) ________ (sew) buttons onto a shirt one day when she 5) ________ (have) a brilliant idea for a design. After she 6) ________ (speak) to her bank manager, she got a loan and she 7) ________ (open) her own little workshop. Now she 8) ________ (make) lots of money. Next year she 9) ________ (open) a shop which will sell all her own designs. She 10) ________ (sell) clothes to a lot of famous people, including film stars and singers, and she 11) ________ (think) she 12) ________ (be) very rich soon.

18) Open the brackets to complete the text with suitable verb forms.

Kevin Adams loves trains. He first 1) ________ (see) one when he was four years old and he 2) ________ (think) it was great. He 3) ________ (go) to a different railway station every week and 4) ________ (write down) the engine number of every train he sees. He 5) ________ (do) this since he was eight. By the time he was fifteen he 6) ________ (collect) over 10.000 different engine numbers in various counties. And he thinks he 7) ________ (have) more than a million by the time he retires. Once, while he 8) ________ (stand) in a station in Cheshire he saw something very unusual. He 9) ________ (wait) for over an hour for a train to go by when suddenly he 10) ________ (see) a very old steam train coming down the track. It 11) ________ (not/stop) at the station and, as it was passing, Kevin noticed that all the passengers 12) ________ (wear) old-fashioned clothes. When he 13) ________ (tell) the station guard about this, the poor man turned pale. He said that no steam train 14) ________ (pass) through that station for years, and that the last one 15) ________ (crash), killing everyone on board.

19) Open the brackets to complete the text with suitable verb forms.

I 1) ________ (be) a fan of soap operas for years. I 2) ________ (always watch) my favourite show three times a week. In fact, until about a week ago, I 3) ________ (never / miss) a single episode. Last Saturday, while I 4) ________ (sit) in front of the TV, the electricity suddenly 5) ________ (go off). After waiting for about an hour, I finally phoned the telephone company. “What 6) ________ (happen)?” I asked them. “When 7) ________ (we / have) electricity again?” The man I spoke to said it 8) ________ (take) a while to fix the problem. So I 9) ________ (not watch) my favourite soap opera that day. Strangely enough, I 10) ________ (not watch) it since. Suddenly, there are so many other things to do!

20) Open the brackets to complete the text with suitable verb forms.

Sammy Milton 1) .... is not.... (not/be) very clever. He 2) ________ (walk) along the beach one day when he 3) ________ (trip) over something and 4) ________ (fall) on the sand. He 5) ________ (not/look) where he was going. “What 6) ________ (be) this?” he said, picking up the object he 7) ________ (trip) over. “I 8) ________ (never/see) anything like it before.” It was, in fact, a very old oil lamp, and as he 9) ________ (rub) it, a genie suddenly 10) ________ (fly) out of it. “You 11) ________ (just/release) me from the lamp!”, said the genie. “Now you may have three wishes.” “Great said Sammy who 12) ________ (feel) very thirsty. “I 13) ________ (want) a bottle of lemonade that never 14) ________ (run out).” “No problem,” said the genie, and 15) ________ (produce) one instantly. Sammy picked up the bottle and 16) ________ (drink) all the lemonade in one go. Magically, the bottle 17) ________ (fill) itself up again. Sammy drank all that, and exactly the same thing 18) ________ (happen) again. “That’s amazing!” he said. “Thanks very much!” “You still 19) ________ (have) two more wishes young man.” “That’s easy, “said Sammy. “I 20) ________ (have) two more of these bottles of lemonade!”

21) Open the brackets to complete the text with suitable verb forms.

One day a husband and wife 1) ________ (drive) to the countryside to visit their friends when they 2) ________ (realize) they needed to stop for gas. The man was filling up the car when he 3________ (see) a penguin standing by a pump. He 4) ________ (think) it was very strange and when he 5) ________ (go) to the cashier to pay, he asked, “why is there a penguin standing next to the pump?” The cashier replied, “I don't know. It 6) ________ (be) there all morning.” The man replied. “Well, we can't leave it there, it's too dangerous. He might have an accident. What should I do?” The cashier suggested, “you should take it to the zoo.” “That 7) ________ (be) a good idea,” the man said. “I 8________ (take) him now.” So the man and his wife 9) ________ (put) the penguin in the car and 10) ________ (drive) away. One week later, the man and his wife 11) ________ (return) to the same garage to fill up the car ... and the penguin was still in the car. When the man 12) ________ (go) to pay, the cashier said to him, “I thought you 13) ________ (take) the penguin to the zoo.” The man replied, “we did. It 14) ________ (have) a really good time … so tonight, we 15) ________ (take) him to a fish restaurant.”

22) Open the brackets to complete the text with suitable verb forms.

It was a Sunday morning and we 1) ________ (get up) early. We 2) ________ (arrange) to take the children to London to visit my parents. We 3) ________ (shower), had breakfast and while I 4) ________ (make) some sandwiches to take with us, Sally 5) ________ (get) the children ready. “The train 6) ________ (leave) at 8.20! Hurry up!” – I said. So at eight o’clock we 7) ________ (leave) the house to walk to the village station. Just as we 8) ________ (go out) of the door, the phone 9) ________ (ring). It was my mother calling: “You father 10) ________ (catch) a cold. We can’t welcome you today! You 11) ________ (need) to stay home. Sorry”. Of course I 12) ________ (agree), but the children were very disappointed. “What 13) ________ (we/do)?” – asked my wife. “I (14) ________ (not/know).” – I replied. In the end, Sally suggested taking the train to another town about a hundred kilometers away where we could go to the funfair. We 15) ________ (set off) for the station rather late but unfortunately when we finally 16) ________ (get) there, the train 17) ________ (already / leave).

There was nothing we could do as the next train didn’t leave until midday, so we 18) ________ (got) home. We 19) ________ (buy) ice-cream to keep the children quiet. That evening we 20) ________ (hear) on the news that there 21) ________ (be) an accident at the funfair and twenty-five people 22) ________ (die). “ We 23) ________ (be) lucky! Otherwise we all 24) ________ (be) dead by now!” – I thought.

23) Open the brackets to complete the text with suitable verb forms.

On February 1 last year Jenny 1) ________ (go) to Taiwan on business. She 2) ________ (book) her ticket a week before at the travel agent. She 3) ________ (leave) home at eight o'clock and 4) ________ (get) to the airport just before nine.

At the check in desk the clerk 5) ________ (ask) her: “6) ________ (you/want) a smoking or non-smoking seat?” She 7) ________ (ask) for non-smoking as she 8) ________ (give up) smoking two years earlier. The clerk then 9) ________ (ask) for her passport. She 10) ________ (look) in her coat pockets and in her hand bag but she 11) ________ (can not) find it. She 12) ________ (leave) it at home! She 13) ________ (try) to call her husband on her mobile phone: “14) ________ (you/be) at home?” “No, I 15) ________ (already / leave) for work!” – he answered. She 16) ________ (decide) to look in her luggage, and as she 17) ________ (pull out) her other coat, her passport 18) ________ (fall) out! She 19) ________ (put) it in the wrong coat pocket.

Feeling very relieved she 20) ________ (hand) it to the clerk and 21) ________ (finish) checking in.

24) Open the brackets to complete the text with suitable verb forms.

We had a memorable flight just before Christmas. This is what happened.

We 1) ________ (spend) three weeks on the beautiful island of Boracay where we 2) ________ (rent) a bamboo hut on the beach for HK$20 a night. Paradise! However, we had to be back in Manila by Christmas so we 3) ________ (book) a flight in a private plane. It was a typical tropical morning, hot and humid. We 4) ________ (walk) along the beach to meet Roger, who 5) ________ (organize) the flight, and the other passengers. Roger 6) ________ (introduce) everybody and then we 7) ________ (take) the small boat across to Caticlan on the island of Panay. After a short time the pilot 8) ________ (arrive). We 9) ________ (greet) him as well – the service was very friendly – and quite soon afterwards we 10) ________ (get into) the plane. At first I was a bit worried about flying in such a small aircraft. However, after we 11) ________ (take off) I 12) ________ (forget) my worries. I just enjoyed the views as we flew over some of the most spectacular scenery in South-East Asia. Finally, at about 12 o’clock we 13) ________ (begin) to descend towards Manila airport. The pilot 14) ________ (talk) on the radio to the control tower while he 15) ________ (bring) the plane down gently towards the runway. Suddenly, he 16) ________ (announce): “We 17) ________ (have) some problems with transmission”. I looked around for a parachute but there wasn’t one. “18) ________ (we/die)?! I 19) ________ (see) the world yet. I want to live!” – I cried. However, nothing terrible seemed to happen and the pilot didn’t seem worried. “Surely, no. You 20) ________ (die) today? At least on my plane. I promise.” – he smiled. Eventually, I 21) ________ (realize) that he 22) ________ (mean) the radio transmission and not something to do with the engine. We landed safely a few minutes later.

25) Open the brackets to complete the text with suitable verb forms.

On Monday, just as I 1) ________ (try) to rest after a long working day, the telephone 2) ________ (ring): “Is that you, Helen?” Someone asked on the phone. “Yes, this 3) ________ (be) me,” I replied. “Sandra speaking, my friend. I need to talk to you right now,” she said in a desperate voice. She was a quiet girl who always tried not to call you when you 4) ________ (just/ arrive) from work. She never wanted to disturb her friends, so I knew something serious 5) ________ (go) on. “I 6) ________ (not / hear)  from you in a week. What 7) ________ (you / do) lately?” I asked Sandra. “To tell you the truth,” she said “I 8) ________ (have) a lot of problems with my boyfriend recently,” she continued. “9) ________ (you/want) to talk about it?” I asked. I 10) ________ (not / finish) saying the phrase that she started crying. “You 11) ________ (not / believe) what happened to me last week,” she said. “It was Saturday morning and my boyfriend 12) ________ (tell) me: “I 13) ________ (pick) you up at 8 pm to go out for dinner at a fancy restaurant downtown”. Eight o’clock arrived. I was at home, ready. It was nine o’clock and my boyfriend 14) ________ (not / appear) or 15) ________ (call). 

16) ________ (begin) to get worried when my telephone 17) ________ (ring): “Your boyfriend is cheating on you! You can catch him red-handed at this very moment. Go to Rodham road and Sixth and you’ll see... If you don’t do anything now – by the time you open your eyes he 18) ________ (meet) with many other girls besides you!”

I 19) ________ (not / believe) but anyway, I went to the place the female voice  20) ________ (indicate) and there he was: he 21) ________ (kiss) a girl as he  22) ________ (never / kiss) me before. When he saw me he said that he  23) ________ (be) sorry and promised not to do it again. I don’t know what to do. I love him but he 24) ________ (really / hurt) my feelings. Tell me, Helen, what I should do?” – Sandra asked me. “Look, the plan is: You 25) ________ (forgive) him temporarily until you 26) ________ (get) a new, better candidate,” I replied. “I don’t know,” she said. “I think everything 27) ________ (depend) on his next move. If he 28) ________ (call) me and apologizes for what he 29) ________ (do), I guess I 30) ________ (give) him a second chance. I love him and I want to be happy with him. What do you think, Helen?” She asked me. “I think you 31) ________ (not/ need) my opinion; you 32) ________ (already / make) a decision. I just hope it 33) ________ (be) the right one,” I said.

26) Open the brackets to complete the text with suitable verb forms.

John 1) has always traveled a lot. In fact, when he 2) ________ (be) only two years old when he first 3) ________ (fly) to the US. His mother 4) ________ (be) Italian and his father 5) ________ (be) American. John 6) ________ (be) born in France, but his parents 7) ________ (meet) in Cologne, Germany after they 8) ________ (live) there for five years. They 9) ________ (meet) one day while John's father 10) ________ (read) a book in the library and his mother 11) ________ (sit) down beside him.

John 12) ________ (travel) a lot because his parents also 13) ________ (travel) a lot. As a matter of fact, John 14) ________ (visit) his parents in France at the moment. He 15) ________ (live) in New York now, but 16) ________ (visit) his parents for the past few weeks. By the weekend he 17) ________ (rest) here for almost a month. He really 18) ________ (enjoy) living in New York, but he also 19) ________ (love) coming to visit his parents at least once a year.

By the end of this year he 20) ________ (fly) over 50,000 miles for his job. He 21) ________ (work) for Jackson & Co. for almost two years now. He’s pretty sure that he 22) ________ (work) for them next year as well. His job 23) ________ (require) a lot of travel. His next journey 24) ________ (be) to Australia. He really 25) ________ (like) going to Australia because it is so far. This time he 26) ________ (fly) from Paris after a meeting with the company's French partner.

John 27) ________ (talk) with his parents earlier this evening when his girlfriend from New York 28) ________ (telephone) to let him know that Jackson & Co. 29) ________ (decide) to merge with a company in Australia. The two companies 30) ________ (negotiate) for the past month, so it really wasn’t much of a surprise. Of course, this means that John 31) ________ (have) to catch the next plane back to New York. He 32) ________ (meet) with his boss at this time tomorrow.

APPENDICES

Tense Group

Simple

Continuous

Perfect

Perfect Continuous

Present

V / Vs(es)

I / you / they / we chat online every day.

He / she / (it) chats online every day.

I don’t chat

He doesn’t chat

Do you chat?

Does he chat?

Always, usually, every day

Be (am, is, are) + Ving

I am chatting online now.

You / we / they

are chatting

He / she is chatting

I’m not chatting

We aren’t chatting

She isn’t chatting

Are they chatting?

Is she chatting?

Now, at the moment

Have / has +

Ved / V3

I/you/we/they have chatted

He / she / it has seen

I haven’t chatted

He hasn’t seen

Has she chatted?

Have they seen?

Already, yet, just, ever, never, since, for, recently, lately

Have / has been +

Ving

I / you / they / we have been chatting

He / she / it

has been chatting

We haven’t been chatting

He hasn’t been chatting

Have they been chatting?

Has she been chatting?

Since, for, all day

Past

Ved / V2

I chatted / he chatted

He didn’t chat

Did he / you chat?

yesterday, last winter,

2 years ago , in 1999

Was / were + Ving

I / he / she / it was chatting

We / you / they were chatting

I wasn’t chatting

They weren’t chatting

Was she chatting?

Were you chatting?

yesterday at 5 pm

Had + Ved / V3

I had chatted / he had chatted

We hadn’t chatted

Had she chatted?

before (when) Mother came / a friend called / the show began.

Had been + Ving

We had been chatting

She had been chatting

Had he been chatting

(no negative as a rule)

for 3 hours before Mother came / a friend called.

Future

Will + V

I will chat / I’ll chat

He will not chat / He won’t chat

Will you chat?

tomorrow, next week,

next Sunday

Will be +Ving

We’ll be chatting

He won’t be chatting

Will she be chatting?

at 4 pm tomorrow / from 4 till 6 next Sunday

Will have +

Ved / V3

He will have chatted

They won’t have chatted

Will she have chatted?

by 6 pm tomorrow / by the time the parents come home

Will have been + Ving

He will have been chatting

(is practically never used by native speakers)

for 3 hours

by the time

Mother comes

Present Simple

  1. привычное/регулярное действие

(always, usually, often, sometimes, seldom, rare, never, every day/week/month/year, annually, once/twice/three times a day/week/month/year)

Ex: He often buys her flowers.

  1. постоянная характеристика предмета/человека

Ex: The Belarusians eat potatoes a lot.

  1. расписание дел, программ и транспорта

Ex: I have English at 6 pm. The flight to Moscow leaves at 3 am. Discovery show starts at 3 pm.

  1. факт жизни и природы

Ex: The water boils at 100 t

Present Continuous

  1. действие в момент речи (now, at the moment, at present)

Ex: He is doing his homework now.

  1. действие в период времени в настоящем

Ex: I am visiting English courses

  1. планы на ближайшее будущее (Ex: I am meeting my friend tonight.)

  2. выражение to be going to do smth – собираться сделать что-либо

Ex: I am going to call Masha tomorrow

Past Simple

  1. факт прошлого, с указанием конкретного момента в прошлом

(yesterday, the day before yesterday, a week ago, two months ago, last Monday, last year, in 1978, last October)

Ex: I finished school in 2000

  1. для выражения состояния или привычки из прошлого

Ex: When she was young she liked ice-cream.

  1. последовательность однократных действий в прошлом

Ex: Yesterday morning I woke up at 6 am, took a shower, had breakfast and went to school.

  1. действие, которое произошло в неопределённом прошлом, и никогда больше не случится в силу обстоятельств (например, смерти действующих лиц и т.п.)

Ex: Pushkin wrote many books.

Past Continuous

  1. действие в определённый период времени в прошлом

Ex: She was doing her homework from 5 till 7 pm yesterday.

  1. два параллельных действия в прошлом

Ex: While I was cleaning the house, my husband was cooking dinner.

  1. два параллельных действия в прошлом, где короткое действие в форме Past Simple, а более длинное в форме Past Continuous. Короткое действие как бы прерывает другое более длинное действие. В русском языке короткое действие это форма совершенного вида, а более длинное это несовершенный вид.

Ex: When I came in, my mother was cooking dinner

  1. описание событий второго/заднего плана в истории.

Ex: We were walking in the park. It was raining.

Future Simple

  1. однократное действие в будущем с оттенком спонтанности, обещания, надежды, страха, предупреждения, угрозы и т.п.

Ex: Don’t worry, I’ll help you

  1. вероятностное действие в будущем, в отношении которого мы не уверены на 100%.

Ex: I will probably buy a new car.

  1. предсказания, которые могут случиться, а могут и нет.

Ex: I think you will pass the test.

Future Continuous

  1. продолжительное действие в будущем, длящееся какой-то период времени.

Ex: We will be living in France in November and December

  1. рутина жизни.

Ex: I will be working again tomorrow.

Present Perfect Simple

  1. действие, которое случилось в неопределённом прошлом и мы не знаем когда.

Ex: He has sold his car.

  1. результат действия, которое случилось в прошлом (недавнем прошлом), но его последствия налицо в настоящем и имеют значение или последствия для настоящего.

Ex: Look, I have cut my finger. I am in a lot of pain. / He has just painted the room.

  1. опыт жизни, работы, поездок и т.п., имеющих связь с настоящим.

Ex: I have visited London three times. I have met Madonna.

Типичные временные выражения: (just, ever, never, already, yet, for, since, so far, how long, recently, this week/month/year)

Present Perfect Continuous

  1. действие, которое началось в прошлом и продолжается до сих пор, включая настоящий момент

Ex: The have been living together for many years.

  1. для выделения длительности действия, которое имеет связь с настоящим.

Ex: I have been typing letters since 5 pm.

Past Perfect

  1. действие, которое случилось до какого-то определённого момента в прошлом/ предпрошедшее однократное действие/показывает какое из нескольких действий случилось раньше в прошлом.

Ex: I knew everything about my childhood because I had spoken with my father.

Типичные временные выражения: before, by, by the time, since, already, for, yet, just, till/until, when, after.

Past Perfect Continuous

  1. предпрошедшее продолжительное действие

Ex: I was good friends with Nicky – we had been living next door for more then 10 years by the time we both went to college.

Future Perfect

  1. действие, которое совершиться до какого-то определённого момента в будущем/раньше, чем другое действие или момент времени

Ex: I will have graduated from the university by the time you will turn 16 years old.

Future Perfect Continuous

  1. действие, которое всё ещё будет происходить в какой-то определённый момент в будущем.

Ex: So by next September we will have been living here for 3 years.

  1. Verbs which are the same in all three forms.

Base form

Past Simple form

Past Participle form

Translation

Broadcast

Broadcast

Broadcast

Передавать по радио

Burst

Burst

Burst

разрываться

Cast

Cast

Cast

Бросать, кидать

Cost

Cost

Cost

стоить

Hit

Hit

Hit

ударять

Hurt

Hurt

Hurt

Повредить, обидеть

Let

Let

Let

позволять

Put

Put

Put

класть

Read [ri : d]

Read [red]

Read [red]

читать

Set

Set

Set

Помещать, ставить, заходить (о солнце)

Shed

Shed

Shed

Проливать слёзы/кровь

Shut

Shut

Shut

закрывать

Split

Split

Split

Раскалывать (ся)

Spread

Spread

Spread

Распространять(ся)

2. Verbs which have the same form for the Base form and the Past Participle.

Base form

Past Simple form

Past Participle form

Translation

Become

Became

Become

Становится

Come

Came

Come

Приходить

Run

Ran

Run

Бежать

  1. One verb that has the same form for the Base form and the Past Simple.

Base form

Past Simple form

Past Participle form

Translation

Beat

Beat

Beaten

Бить

  1. Verbs which have the same form for Past Simple and Past Participle.

Base form

Past Simple form

Past Participle form

Translation

Bend

Bent

Bent

Гнуть, сгибать

Bind

Bound

Bound

Связывать

Bleed

Bled

Bled

Истекать кровью

Breed

Bred

Bred

Разводить

Bring

Brought

Brought

Приносить

Build

Built

Built

Строить

Burn

Burnt

Burnt

Гореть, жечь

Buy

Bought

Bought

Покупать

Catch

Caught

Caught

Ловить, схватить

Cling

Clung

Clung

Прилипать, цепляться

Creep

Crept

Crept

Ползать

Deal

Dealt

Dealt

Торговать, иметь дело

Dig

Dug

Dug

Копать

Dream

Dreamt

Dreamt

Мечтать, видеть сны

Dwell

Dwelt

Dwelt

Обитать, подробно останавливаться

Feed

Fed

Fed

Кормить

Feel

Felt

Felt

Чувствовать

Fight

Fought

Fought

Сражаться

Find

Found

Found

Находить

Flee

Fled

Fled

Спасаться бегством

Fling

Flung

Flung

Кидать, бросать

Get

Got

Got

Получать, становиться

Grind

Ground

Ground

Точить, молоть

Hang

Hung

Hung

Висеть, вешать

Have

Had

Had

Иметь

Hear

Heard

Heard

Слышать

Hold

Held

Held

Держать

Keep

Kept

Kept

Хранить

Kneel

Knelt

Knelt

Становиться на колени

Lay

Laid

Laid

Класть

Lead

Led

Led

Вести

Leap

Leapt

Leapt

Прыгать

Learn

Learnt

Learnt

Учиться

Leave

Left

Left

Оставлять, уезжать

Lend

Lent

Lent

Одалживать

Light

Lit

Lit

Зажигать, освещать

Lose

Lost

Lost

Терять

Make

Made

Made

Делать

Mean

Meant

Meant

Значить, иметь ввиду

Meet

Met

Met

Встречать

Pay

Paid

Paid

Платить

Say

Said

Said

Говорить

Seek

Sought

Sought

Искать

Sell

Sold

Sold

Продавать

Send

Sent

Sent

Посылать

Shine

Shone

Shone

Сиять, светить

Shoot

Shot

Shot

Стрелять

Sit

Sat

Sat

Сидеть

Sleep

Slept

Slept

Спать

Slide

Slid

Slid

Скользить

Smell

Smelt

Smelt

Пахнуть

Speed

Sped

Sped

Спешить, ускорять

Spell

Spelt

Spelt

Писать, произносить по буквам

Spend

Spent

Spent

Проводить время, тратить

Spit

Spat

Spat

Плевать

Stand

Stood

Stood

Стоять

Stick

Stuck

Stuck

Приклеивать

Strike

Stroke

Stroke

Ударять, бастовать

Sweep

Swept

Swept

Мести

Swing

Swung

Swung

Качать, размахивать

Teach

Taught

Taught

Учить

Tell

Told

Told

Говорить

Think

Thought

Thought

Думать

Understand

Understood

Understood

Понимать

Win

Won

Won

Выигрывать

Wind

Wound

Wound

Заводить (часы), виться

  1. Verbs which have all forms different.

Base form

Past Simple form

Past Participle form

Translation

Arise

Arose

Arisen

Возникать

Be

Was/were

Been

Быть

Bear

Bore

Born

Рождать

Begin

Began

Begun

Начинать

Bite

Bit

Bitten

Кусать

Blow

Blew

Blown

Дуть

Break

Broke

Broken

Ломать

Choose

Chose

Chosen

Выбирать

Do

Did

Done

Делать

Draw

Drew

Drawn

Рисовать

Drink

Drank

Drunk

Пить

Drive

Drove

Driven

Ехать

Eat

Ate

Eaten

Кушать

Fall

Fell

Fallen

Падать

Fly

Flew

Flown

Летать

Forbid

Forbade

Forbidden

Запрещать

Forget

Forgot

Forgotten

Забывать

Forgive

Forgave

Forgiven

Прощать

Freeze

Froze

Frozen

Замерзать, замораживать

Give

Gave

Given

Давать

Go

Went

Gone

Идти, ехать

Grow

Grew

Grown

Расти, выращивать

Hide

Hid

Hidden

Прятать

Know

Knew

Known

Знать

Lie

Lay

Lain

Лежать

Ride

Rode

Ridden

Ездить верхом

Ring

Rang

Rung

Звонить, звенеть

Rise

Rose

Risen

Подниматься

Saw

Sawed

Sawn

Пилить

See

Saw

Seen

Видеть

Shake

Shook

Shaken

Трясти

Shave

Shaved

Shaven

Брить (ся)

Show

Showed

Shown

Показывать

Shrink

Shrank

Shrunk

Сморщиваться, сокращаться

Sing

Sang

Sung

Петь

Sink

Sank

Sunk

Тонуть, погружаться

Speak

Spoke

Spoken

Говорить

Spin

Span

Spun

Прясть

Spring

Sprang

Sprung

Прыгать

Steal

Stole

Stolen

Красть

Strive

Strove

Striven

Стремиться

Swear

Swore

Sworn

Клясться, браниться

Swim

Swam

Swum

Плавать

Take

Took

Taken

Брать

Tear

Tore

Torn

Рвать

Throw

Threw

Thrown

Бросать

Tread

Trod

Trodden

Ступать

Wake

Woke

Woken

Будить, просыпаться

Wear

Wore

Worn

Носить

Write

Wrote

Written

Писать

REFERENCES

  1. Evans, V. English Grammar Practice. Round-Up 4 / V. Evans. – Pearson Education Limited, 2003. – 190 p.

  2. Evans, V. English Grammar Practice. Round-Up 5 / V. Evans. – Pearson Education Limited, 2003. – 209 p.

  3. Verb Tense Tutorial [Electronic resource]. – Mode of access: /verbpage/verbtenseintro.html. – Date of access: 28.04.2016.

  4. ESL grammar resources [Electronic resource]. – Mode of access: /vtr_langpoint.php?type=1. – Date of access: 29.04.2016.

  5. The English Grammar Tenses Collection [Electronic resource]. – Mode of access: /english-grammar-tenses.html. – Date of access: 30.04.2016.



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