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AP Statistics Spring Practice Midterm Name _________________________
The number of 911 calls per day in a small Midwestern town is noted for a sample of 60 days with and . With what degree of confidence can we assert that the mean number of 911 calls per day in this town is between 22.4 and 24.4?
D; guess and check using the calculator.
An assembly line machine is supposed to turn out bowling balls with a diameter of 8.55 inches. Each day an SRS of five balls are pulled and measured. If their mean diameter is under 8.35 inches or over 8.75 inches, the machinery is stopped and an engineer is called to make adjustments before production is resumed. The quality control procedure may be viewed as a hypothesis test with and . What would a Type II error result in?
A warranted halt in production to adjust the machinery.
An unnecessary stoppage of the production process.
Continued production of wrong size bowling balls.
Continued production of proper size bowling balls.
Continued production of bowling balls that randomly are the right or wrong size.
C; the alternate is true but we make a mistake, i.e., the bowling balls are the wrong size but we continue making them.
Doctors believed that patients who received heart pacemakers seemed to snore less. Among 40 randomly selected patients with a pacemaker, 12 snored. Among 60 randomly selected patients without a pacemaker, 25 snored. Which of the following statements is NOT correct?
The evidence supports the theory at the 10% level.
The 95% confidence interval for the difference between the proportion of those who snore in the two groups is (-0.31, 0.07).
Since the confidence interval contains 0, there is a significant difference between the two proportions.
I and III
I, II, and III are incorrect
D; 2 proportion z-test/z-interval; , so I is NOT correct; the confidence interval for is so II is correct; since the interval contains 0, there is NOT a significant difference between the two proportions.
According to The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, the national accident rate for 16-year-old males was 210 accidents for every 1000 drivers during the year 2000. In a large city in the Midwest a random sample of 150 16-year-old male drivers found that 36 of them had been in an accident during the year 2000. If the accident rate of 16-year old males in this Midwest city is the same as the national rate, what is the probability of getting a sample of 150 16-year old males whose accident rate is 0.24 or greater?
B; , , ; note: the answer is .184 is you don’t round . You can also perform a 1-proportion z-test.
A philosophy professor wants to find out whether the mean age of the men in his large lecture class is equal to the mean age of the women in his classes. After collecting data from a random sample of his students, the professor tested the hypothesis against the alternative . The p-value for the test was 0.003. Which is true?
There is a 0.3% chance that the mean ages for the men and women are equal.
There is a 0.3% chance that the mean ages for the men and women are different.
It is very unlikely that the professor would see results like these if the mean age of men was equal to the mean age of women.
There is a 0.3% chance that another sample will give these same results.
There is a 99.7% chance that another sample will give these same results.
C; by definition.
A marine biologist wants to determine the best treatment to eliminate a water-borne parasite from salmon which causes a weight loss. There are 40 Pacific salmon and 60 Atlantic salmon. The biologist wants to check on three different treatments against a control group. A block design is chosen with 10 Pacific salmon and 15 Atlantic salmon in each treatment. Which of the following is a valid reason to use a block design for this experiment?
(A) The conclusions can apply equally to both species.
(B) Atlantic salmon are smaller than pacific salmon.
(C) It is a requirement of a double blind experiment.
(D) Each species may respond differently to the treatments.
(E) There might be different parasites in each ocean.
D; this is the reason for blocking.
Amy Ray typically breaks a guitar string on two out of every ten songs. What’s the average waiting time for Amy to break her first string, and what’s the probability she will break a string on or before the very last attempt within her average waiting time?
E; she breaks a string on 20% of her songs so p = .2 and ; .
A Human Resources executive wishes to know the difference in job satisfaction rating (on a standard satisfaction test) between employees who exercise regularly and those who don’t. Suppose the standard deviation of each group is known to be 4.5. How large a sample (same number) from each group should be interviewed if the executive wishes to be 90 percent certain of knowing the difference in ratings to within 1 point?
C; ; since the sample sizes must be the same number (as stated in the stem), use n for both. The standard deviations are both 4.5 as well.
The heart disease death rates per 100,000 people in the United States for certain years, as reported by the National Center for Health Statistics, were:
Which one of the following is a correct interpretation of the slope of the best-fitting straight line for the above data?
The heart disease rate per 100,000 people has been dropping about 3.627 per year.
The baseline heart disease rate is 7386.87.
The regression line explains 96.28% of the variation in heart disease death rates over the years.
The regression line explains 98.12% of the variation in heart disease death rates over the years.
Heart disease will be cured in the year 2036.
A; using LinReg(a+bx), the LSR is .
The claim is made that the average IQ of students at Lake Wobegon High School is greater than 100. To test this, the principal gathers an SRS of 25 students and finds their mean IQ is 102 with a standard deviation of 8.3. What is the test statistic in performing a hypothesis test of and ?
D; the standard error is ; the degrees of freedom are n – 1.
According to the National Telecommunication and Information Administration, 56.5% of U.S. households owned a computer in 2001. What is the probability that of three randomly selected U.S. households at least one owned a computer in 2001?
E; P(at least one) = 1 – P(none) =
Twenty-three of 65 people randomly selected at a baseball game report owning a cell phone. Eighteen of 52 people randomly selected at a rock concert occurring at the same time across town reported owning a cell phone. A researcher wants to test the claim that the proportion of cell phone ownership is not the same between the two groups. Assuming the two groups are independent, what is the p-value of this test?
E; 2-proportion z-test, , p = .931.
Use the following information to answer the next two questions.
An SRS of 25 male faculty members at a large university found that 10 felt that the university was supportive of female and minority faculty. An independent SRS of 20 female faculty found that 5 felt that the university was supportive of female and minority faculty. Let and represent the proportion of all male and female faculty, respectively, at the university who felt that the university was supportive of female and minority faculty at the time of the survey.
A 95% confidence interval for is
not appropriate because the samples are independent.
B; the confidence interval is so the midpoint is .15 and
Is there evidence that the proportion of male faculty members who felt the university was supportive of female and minority faculty is larger than the corresponding proportion for female faculty members? To determine this, you test the hypotheses , . The test statistic is
B; for the standard error we pool the proportions so .
A survey of some AP Stats students recorded whether the student was left of right-handed. Results were summarized in a table like the one shown below. If it turned out that handedness was independent of gender, how many of the AP Stat students were lefty girls?
It cannot be determined.
Use the following information to answer the next two questions.
An SRS of 100 flights of a large airline (call this airline 1) showed that 64 were on time. An SRS of 100 flights of another large airline (call this airline 2) showed that 80 were on time. Let and be the proportion of all flights that are on time for these two airlines.
A 95% confidence interval for the difference is
B; the 2-proportion z-confidence interval is , the midpoint of the interval is -.16 and .
Is there evidence of a difference in the on-time rate for the two airlines? To determine this, you test the hypotheses , . The p-value of your test of the hypotheses given is
greater than .10.
between .10 and .05.
between .05 and .01.
between .01 and.001.
C; use a 2-proportion z-test;
We are about to test a hypothesis using data from a well-designed study. Which is true?
A small p-value would be strong evidence against a null hypothesis.
We can set a higher standard of proof by choosing instead of 5%.
If we reduce the alpha level, we reduce the power of the test.
I and III
None of these gives the complete set of true responses.
D; I is true; II is false because a higher is a lower standard of proof; and III is true because and (the probability of a Type II error) are inversely related and power is .
Two 95 percent confidence interval estimates are obtained: I (78.5, 84.5) and II (80.3, 88.2).
a. If the sample sizes are the same, which has the larger standard deviation?
b. If the sample standard deviations are the same, which has the larger sample size?
a. I b. I
a. I b. II
a. II b. I
a. II b. II
More information is needed to answer these questions.
C; since II is wider, it has the larger standard deviation; since I is narrower, it has the larger sample size.
A candy company claims that 25% of the jelly beans in its spring mix are pink. Suppose that the candies are packaged at random in small bags containing about 300 jelly beans. A class of students opens several bags, counts the various colors of jelly beans, and calculates the proportion that are pink in each bag. Is it appropriate to use a Normal model to describe the distribution of the proportion of pink jelly beans?
A Normal model is not appropriate because the randomization condition is not satisfied: the 300 jelly beans in the bag are not a simple random sample and cannot be considered representative of all jelly beans.
A Normal model is appropriate:
Randomization condition is satisfied: the 300 jelly beans in the bag are selected at random and can be considered representative of all jelly beans.
10% condition is satisfied: the sample size, 300, is less than 10% of the population of all jelly beans.
Success/failure condition is satisfied: np = 75 and nq = 225 are both greater than 10.
A Normal model is not appropriate because the success/failure condition is not satisfied: np = 75 and nq = 225, neither of which is less than 10.
A Normal model is not appropriate because the 10% condition is not satisfied: the sample size, 300, is larger than 10% of the population of all jelly beans.
A Normal model is not appropriate because the population distribution is not Normal.
First-year high school students were randomly put into either traditional math classes or math classes taught with a new innovative approach. In a standard algebra test, 230 traditionally taught students scored an average of 76.5 with a standard deviation of 7.4, while 185 students under the new approach averaged 78.8 with a standard deviation of 5.6. Is there sufficient evidence of a difference in the test results - what is the test statistic for and ?
A; the test statistic does not get multiplied by two, only the p-value does.
A marketing company reviewing the length the length of television commercials monitored a random sample of commercials over several days. They found that a 95 percent confidence interval for the mean length (in seconds) of commercials aired daily was . Which is true?
95% of the commercials they checked were between 23 and 27 seconds long.
95% of all the commercials aired were between 23 and 27 seconds a day.
Commercials average between 23 and 27 seconds long on 95% of the days.
95% of all samples would show mean commercial length between 23 and 27 seconds.
We are 95% sure that the mean commercial length is between 23 and 27 seconds.
A fitness center advertises that the average pulse rate of its members is 68.4 bpm. A high school AP Statistics instructor suspects this is a made-up number and runs a hypothesis test on an SRS of 48 members, calculating a mean of 71.0 bpm with a standard deviation of 10.3 bpm. In which of the following intervals is the p-value located?
D; one sample t-test with and ,
A professor was curious about her students’ grade point averages (GPAs). She conducted a random sample of 15 students and found a mean GPA of 3.01 with a standard deviation of 0.534. Which of the following formulas gives a 99 percent confidence interval for the mean GPA of the professor’s students?
B; and the degrees of freedom is n -1; the denominator is not .
Oil tankers can have accidents that lead to an oil spill. Forty-eight instances of oil spills resulting from tankers were examined. The cause of each spill was determined to be the result of a collision, a hull failure, a fire, or grounding. The data are provided below and a graphic display was created using SAS (see the next page).
Collision: 257, 123, 95, 68, 42, 41, 41, 36, 32, 31
Fire: 239, 132, 82, 76, 57, 50, 48, 44, 33, 32, 32, 26
Hull Failure: 221, 101, 46, 46, 36, 32, 31, 31, 29, 30, 26, 24
Grounding: 124, 91, 62, 58, 45, 41, 38, 37, 36, 28, 31, 31, 26, 21
Which of the following are true statements?
The IQR is similar for spills caused by Collisions and by Fire.
Spills caused by Hull Failure have the least amount of variability.
The upper fence for an outlier for spills caused by fire is 148.75.
I and III
None of these gives the complete set of true responses.
D; I is true by examining the plot; II is false because of the outlier; and III is true because
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